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Errors in Import-Demand Estimates Based upon Unit-Value Indexes

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  • Shiells, Clinton R

Abstract

Disaggregated import-demand elasticity estimates based on import unit-value indexes are used in virtually all trade policy simulation models. However, unit-value indexes have been criticized especially by Irving B. Kravis and Robert E. Lipsey (1974). To examine the effect of using unit-value indexes on estimates of disaggregated import-demand elasticities, this paper compares regression results using unit-value indexes with results using U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics import-price indexes for several detailed trade categories based on quarterly data for 1978-88. Results show that using unit-value indexes does not greatly affect estimated import-demand elasticities. Copyright 1991 by MIT Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Shiells, Clinton R, 1991. "Errors in Import-Demand Estimates Based upon Unit-Value Indexes," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(2), pages 378-382, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:73:y:1991:i:2:p:378-82
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    Cited by:

    1. Sun, Changyou, 2017. "Competition of wood products with different fiber transformation and import sources," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 30-39.
    2. Luo, Xinjian & Sun, Changyou & Jiang, Hongfei & Zhang, Ying & Meng, Qian, 2015. "International trade after intervention: The case of bedroom furniture," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 180-191.
    3. Jean Imbs & Isabelle Mejean, 2015. "Elasticity Optimism," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 7(3), pages 43-83, July.
    4. Arndt, Channing & Robinson, Sherman & Tarp, Finn, 2002. "Parameter estimation for a computable general equilibrium model: a maximum entropy approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 375-398, May.
    5. Hanrahan, Kevin F. & Westhoff, Patrick C. & Young, Robert E., II, 2001. "Trade Allocation Modeling: Comparing The Results From Armington And Locally Regular Ai Demand System Specifications Of A Uk Beef Import Demand Allocation Model," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20510, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    6. Francois, Joseph & Woerz, Julia, 2009. "Non-linear panel estimation of import quotas: The evolution of quota premiums under the ATC," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 181-191, July.
    7. Tarp, Finn & Arndt, Channing & Jensen, Henning Tarp & Robinson, Sherman & Heltberg, Rasmus, 2002. "Facing the development challenge in Mozambique: an economywide perspective," Research reports 126, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    8. Douglas A. Irwin, 1998. "The Smoot-Hawley Tariff: A Quantitative Assessment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(2), pages 326-334, May.
    9. Karel Janda & Jill J. McCluskey & Gordon C. Rausser, 2000. "Food Import Demand in the Czech Republic," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(1), pages 22-44.
    10. Sawyer, W. Charles & Sprinkle, Richard L., 1997. "The Demand for Imports and Exports in Japan: A Survey," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 247-259, June.
    11. repec:eee:foreco:v:29:y:2017:i:pb:p:69-77 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. I.M. Onunkwo & J.E. Epperson, 2000. "Export demand for U.S. pecans: Impacts of U.S. export promotion programs," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(2), pages 253-265.

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