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Introducing Patent Protection In The Pharmaceutical Sector:

Author

Listed:
  • Maria Pluvia ZUNIGA

    (Université de Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne, TEAM CNRS)

  • Emmanuel COMBE

    (ESCP Paris and TEAM, Université de Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne)

Abstract

Reformed under NAFTA negotiations and in compliance with the TRIPs Agreement (Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights) when Mexico joined the World Trade Organization, patent protection for pharmaceuticals in this country has been reinforced since 1991 with the new Industrial Property Law. The aim of this paper is to make a first brief evaluation of the static and dynamic effects of the introduction of patent protection for pharmaceuticals in Mexico and to compare them to those predicted by economic literature. Regarding localization and market power, the absence of patent protection has not prevented multinationals firms from breaking into the Mexican market and ensuring an important market share. Brand promotion and product differentiation seem to have been the main tools to practice market exclusivity. Although the static effects might have been limited since multinationals already controlled the private market before the reforms, dynamic gains are still far from being felt. They suggest that other factors besides patent protection must be taken into account before expecting an increased R&D activity in the Mexican pharmaceutical sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Pluvia ZUNIGA & Emmanuel COMBE, 2002. "Introducing Patent Protection In The Pharmaceutical Sector:," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 16, pages 191-221.
  • Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:16:y:2002:p:191-221
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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R16/R16_Zuniga_Combes.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Li, Xuan, 2008. "The Impact of Higher Standards in Patent Protection for Pharmaceutical Industries under the TRIPS Agreement: A Comparative Study of China and India," WIDER Working Paper Series 036, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS; PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY; PATENT REFORMS; MEXICO;

    JEL classification:

    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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