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Territorial Competition in China and the West


  • Shiuh-Shen Chien
  • Ian Gordon


Chien S.-S. and Gordon I. Territorial competition in China and the West, Regional Studies. In modern western societies, and most other economies to which it has spread, territorial economic competition is associated with a combination of competitive electoral politics and private land-ownership. In mainland China, however, a very strong form of this competition has emerged without either of these supports. In general, the development of such local collective action and its particular effects reflect an interaction between materially interested local agents and structural pressures. The difference in China is that these agents are principally local government leaders whose career prospects within a still centralized system depend upon performance in terms of economic criteria set from above. [image omitted] Chien S.-S. et Gordon I. La competition territoriale en Chine et dans l'Ouest, Regional Studies. Dans les societes occidentales d'aujourd'hui, et dans la plupart des autres economies auxquelles elle s'est etendue, la competition economique territoriale s'explique par une combinaison de la politique electorale competitive et de la propriete fonciere privee. Cependant, dans la Chine continentale il s'est fait le jour un genre de competition tres fort qui exclut ces deux variables. En regle generale, le developpement d'une telle action locale collective et de ses effets annexes traduisent l'interaction entre des agents locaux, qui ne sont pas interesses que sur le plan materiel, et des contraintes structurelles. En Chine, la difference c'est que ces agents sont principalement des chefs de l'administration locale dont les perspectives de carriere au sein d'un systeme toujours centralise dependent de la performance pour ce qui est des criteres economiques imposes d'en haut. Competition territoriale Chine Rapports centre-peripherie Administration locale Developpement economique urbain Reajustement a l'echelle Chien S.-S. und Gordon I. Territorialer Wettbewerb in China und im Westen, Regional Studies. Ein territorialer Wirtschaftswettbewerb wird in den modernen westlichen Gesellschaften (und den meisten sonstigen Wirtschaftsraumen, in die er sich ausgebreitet hat) mit einer Kombination aus um Wahler konkurrierenden Politiken und privatem Landeigentum in Verbindung gebracht. In der Volksrepublik China ist hingegen auch ohne diese unterstutzenden Faktoren eine ausserst starke Form dieses Wettbewerbs entstanden. Im Allgemeinen spiegelt sich im Entstehen einer solchen lokalen Kollektivaktion und ihrer konkreten Auswirkungen eine Wechselwirkung zwischen materiell interessierten Akteuren vor Ort und strukturellem Druck wider. Der Unterschied im Fall von China liegt darin, dass es sich bei diesen Akteuren in erster Linie um lokale Regierungsfuhrer handelt, deren Karriereaussichten innerhalb eines nach wie vor zentralisierten Systems von der Leistung hinsichtlich der von oben festgelegten okonomischen Kriterien abhangig sind. Territorialer Wettbewerb China Zentral-lokale Beziehungen Lokalregierung Urbane Wirtschaftsentwicklung Massstabsanderung Chien S.-S. y Gordon I. Competencia territorial en China y occidente, Regional Studies. En las sociedades modernas de Occidente y en la mayoria de otras economias en las que se ha extendido la competicion economica territorial, se relaciona esta con una combinacion de politicas electorales competitivas y la propiedad privada de tierra. Sin embargo, en la China continental ha surgido un tipo de competencia muy fuerte sin ninguno de estos apoyos. En general, el desarrollo de estas acciones colectivas de caracter local y sus efectos particulares reflejan una interaccion entre los agentes locales de interes material y las presiones estructurales. La diferencia en China es que estos agentes son sobre todo lideres de gobiernos locales cuya perspectiva profesional dentro de un sistema todavia centralizado depende del rendimiento en terminos de los criterios economicos establecidos por los circulos mas altos. Competencia territorial China Relaciones entre los niveles central y local Gobierno local Desarrollo economico urbano Reescalamiento

Suggested Citation

  • Shiuh-Shen Chien & Ian Gordon, 2008. "Territorial Competition in China and the West," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(1), pages 31-49.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:42:y:2008:i:1:p:31-49
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400701543249

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    Cited by:

    1. Junbo Yu & Peter Nijkamp, 2010. "Methodological Challenges and Institutional Barriers in the Use of Experimental Method for the Evaluation of Business Incubators: Lessons from the US, EU, and China," Working Papers Working Paper 2010-04, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.
    2. repec:bla:ijurrs:v:40:y:2016:i:6:p:1134-1151 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:touman:v:47:y:2015:i:c:p:107-114 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Riccardo Crescenzi & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Michael Storper, 2012. "The territorial dynamics of innovation in China and India," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(5), pages 1055-1085, September.
    5. Junbo, Y. & Stough, R.R. & Nijkamp, P., 2008. "Governing Technological Entrepreneurship in China and the West," Serie Research Memoranda 0019, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    6. repec:rri:wpaper:201004 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Martijn J. Burger & Bert van der Knaap & Ronald S. Wall, 2013. "Revealed competition for greenfield investments between European regions," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(4), pages 619-648, July.
    8. Alejandra Trejo & Cristina Ibarra, 2011. "Outcomes of territorial competition and the role of intergovernmental transfers among Mexican regions," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1486, European Regional Science Association.
    9. Adriana Giurgiu, 2012. "Investment Incentives and the Global Competition for Capital – By K.P. Thomas," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(1), pages 190-190, January.


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