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Determinants of Localized Technology Spillovers: Role of Regional and Industrial Attributes

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  • Jun Koo

Abstract

Koo J. (2007) Determinants of localized technology spillovers: role of regional and industrial attributes, Regional Studies 41, 995-1011. Based on a simultaneous framework, the study investigates regional and industrial attributes that influence the geographical localization of technology spillovers. It provides substantial evidence that agglomeration, industry structure, small establishment, and local competition play important roles in the localization of technology spillovers. The influence of industry structure on localized technology spillovers, however, varies by industry. Diversity and specialization are important, but the magnitude of their importance decreases as the knowledge intensity of an industry increases. In particular, for more knowledge-intensive industries, it is the presence of a group of industries sharing similar knowledge bases that stimulates technology spillovers in metro areas. Koo J. (2007) Les determinants des retombees technologiques locales: le role des atouts regionaux et industriels, Regional Studies 41, 995-1011. A partir d'une structure simultanee, cet article cherche a examiner les atouts regionaux et industriels qui influent sur la localisation des retombees technologiques dans l'espace. L'etude fournit d'importantes preuves que l'agglomeration, la structure industrielle, les entreprises de petite taille et la concurrence locale jouent un role essentiel dans la localisation des retombees technologiques. Cependant, l'influence de la structure industrielle sur la localisation des retombees technologiques varie selon l'industrie. La diversite et la specialisation s'averent importantes, mais l'ampleur de leur importance diminue au fur et a mesure que le niveau de connaissances d'une industrie augmente. En particulier, pour les industries a fort niveau de connaissances, c'est la presence d'un regroupement d'industries qui partage des connaissances similaires qui encourage des retombees technologiques dans des zones metropolitaines. Retombees; Agglomeration; Connaissances; Innovation Koo J. (2007) Determinanten von lokalisierten TechnologieU-super-¨bertragungen: die Rolle der regionalen und branchenspezifischen Eigenschaften, Regional Studies 41, 995-1011. In dieser Studie werden auf der Grundlage eines simultanen Rahmens die regionalen und branchenspezifischen Eigenschaften untersucht, die sich auf die geografische Lokalisierung von technologischer U-super-¨bertragung auswirken. Die Studie liefert umfangreiche Belege dafU-super-¨r, dass Agglomeration, Branchenstruktur, Kleinbetriebe und lokaler Wettbewerb bei der Lokalisierung von technologischer U-super-¨bertragung eine wichtige Rolle spielen. Der Einfluss der Branchenstruktur auf die lokalisierte Technologie-U-super-¨bertragung hangt jedoch von der Branche ab. Diversitat und Spezialisierung sind wichtig, doch ihre Bedeutung nimmt bei wachsender Wissensintensitat der Branche ab. Insbesondere wird in wissensintensiveren Branchen die TechnologieU-super-¨bertragung in Metro-Bereichen durch die Prasenz einer Gruppe von Branchen stimuliert, die ahnliche Wissensbasen teilen. U-super-¨bertragungen; Agglomeration; Wissen; Innovation Koo J. (2007) Determinantes de los desbordamientos localizados de tecnologia: el papel de los atributos regionales e industriales, Regional Studies 41, 995-1011. Segun una estructura simultanea, en este estudio analizo las caracteristicas regionales e industriales que influyen en la localizacion geografica de los desbordamientos de tecnologia. En este estudio se dan suficientes ejemplos de que la aglomeracion, la estructura industrial, los pequenos comercios y la competencia local desempenan un papel importante en la localizacion de los desbordamientos de tecnologia. Sin embargo, la influencia de la estructura industrial en los desbordamientos localizados de la tecnologia varia en funcion de la industria. La diversidad y la especializacion son importantes pero la magnitud de su importancia disminuye cuando aumenta la intensidad del conocimiento de una industria. Especialmente en la mayoria de industrias de conocimiento intensivo, la presencia de un grupo de industrias que comparten bases similares de conocimiento es precisamente lo que estimula los desbordamientos de la tecnologia en areas metropolitanas. Desbordamientos; Aglomeracion; Conocimiento; Innovacion

Suggested Citation

  • Jun Koo, 2007. "Determinants of Localized Technology Spillovers: Role of Regional and Industrial Attributes," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(7), pages 995-1011.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:41:y:2007:i:7:p:995-1011
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400601142746
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bernstein, Jeffrey I. & Nadiri, M. Ishaq, 1990. "Product Demand, Cost Of Production, Spillovers And The Social Rate Or Return To R&D," Working Papers 90-53, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
    2. Wagner, Alfred, 1891. "Marshall's Principles of Economics," History of Economic Thought Articles, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, vol. 5, pages 319-338.
    3. Davidson, Russell & MacKinnon, James G., 1993. "Estimation and Inference in Econometrics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195060119.
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    1. Randall Jackson, 2015. "Are Industry Clusters and Diversity Strange Bedfellows?," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 45(2), pages 113-129, Fall.
    2. Manuel Acosta & Daniel Coronado & Esther Flores, 2011. "University spillovers and new business location in high-technology sectors: Spanish evidence," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 365-376, April.
    3. McFarlane, Jim A. & Blackwell, Boyd D. & Mounter, Stuart W. & Grant, Bligh J., 2016. "From agriculture to mining: The changing economic base of a rural economy and implications for development," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 56-65.
    4. Attila Varga & Andrea Parag, 2008. "Academic Knowledge Transfers and the Structure of International Research Networks," Working Papers 2008/2, University of Pécs, Department of Economics and Regional Studies, revised Mar 2008.
    5. Yuandi Wang & Xin Pan & Lutao Ning & Jian Li & Jin Chen, 2015. "Technology exchange patterns in China: an analysis of regional data," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 252-272, April.
    6. Acosta, Manuel & Coronado, Daniel & Martínez, M. Ángeles, 2012. "Spatial differences in the quality of university patenting: Do regions matter?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 692-703.
    7. Varga, Attila & Parag, Andrea, 2009. "Egyetemi tudástranszfer és a nemzetközi kutatási hálózatok szerkezete
      [Technology transfer from universities and the structure of international research networks]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(4), pages 343-358.
    8. Fernandes, Cristina & Ferreira, João, 2011. "Knowledge Spillovers and Knowledge Intensive Business Services: An Empirical Study," MPRA Paper 34751, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Balázs Páger & Éva Komlósi, 2015. "Agglomeration effects on countries' competitiveness and entrepreneurial performance," ERSA conference papers ersa15p503, European Regional Science Association.
    10. Cédric Brunelle, 2013. "The Growing Economic Specialization of Cities: Disentangling Industrial and Functional Dimensions in the Canadian Urban System, 1971–2006," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(3), pages 443-473, September.
    11. Roger Stough & Peter Nijkamp, 2009. "Knowledge spillovers, entrepreneurship and economic development," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 43(4), pages 835-838, December.
    12. Randall Jackson, 2015. "Fellows Address: Are Industry Clusters and Diversity Strange Bedfellows?," Working Papers Working Paper 2015-04, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.

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    Keywords

    Spillovers; Agglomeration; Knowledge; Innovation;

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