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Dynamics of clustering and performance in the UK opto-electronics industry

  • Chris Hendry
  • James Brown
Registered author(s):

    Hendry C. and Brown J. (2006) Dynamics of clustering and performance in the UK opto-electronics industry, Regional Studies 40, 707-725. The spatial 'clustering' of firms, resources, and infrastructure is seen as having significant benefits for individual enterprises and regions. This proposition is tested through a survey of an under-researched sector, the UK opto-electronics industry, where a number of clusters exist. Analysis at the company and regional levels shows that clustering confers no particular performance benefits when comparisons are made with companies not in clusters. An analysis of the networking dynamics reveals that markets and life-cycle effects are more significant factors affecting performance. Hendry C. et Brown J. (2006) La dynamique du regroupement et de la performance dans l'industrie de l'optoelectronique au R-U, Regional Studies 40, 707-725. On considere que le 'regroupement' geographique des entreprises, des ressources, et de l'infrastructure a des avantages non-negligeables pour des entreprises et des regions individuelles. On cherche a tester cette proposition a partir d'une enquete aupres d'un secteur peu recherche, a savoir l'industrie de l'optoelectronique au R-U, qui se caracterise par la presence d'un nombre de regroupements. Une analyse au niveau des entreprises et sur le plan regional montre que le regroupement n'assure aucun avantage particulier en termes de la performance par rapport aux entreprises qui ne sont pas regroupees. Une analyse de la dynamique qui conduit la constitution de reseaux montre que le marche et l'impact du cycle de vie s'averent des determinants plus importants de la performance. Regroupements Performance Optoelectronique R-U Dynamique Hendry C. und Brown J. (2006) Die Dynamik der Clusterbildung und Leistung in der opto-elektronischen Industrie des UK, Regional Studies 40, 707-725. Die raumliche Clusterbildung von Firmen, Mitteln und Infrastruktur wird als vorteilhaft fur einzelne Betriebe und ganze Regionen angesehen. Diese These wird mit Hilfe einer Untersuchung des von der Forschung nur wenig beachteten Sektors, der opto-elektronischen Industrie des UK, in dem eine ganze Anzahl derartiger Cluster bestehen, gepruft. Auf Firmen-und Regionalebene durchgefuhrte Analysen zeigen, dass Clusterbildung im Vergleich mit nicht in Cluster eingebundenen Firmen keine besonderen Leistungsvorteile verleiht. Eine Analyse der Netzwerkdynamik lasst erkennen, dass Markte und Auswirkungen des Lebenszyklus bedeutendere, die Leistung beeinflussende, Faktoren darstellen. Cluster Leistung Opto-Elektronik UK Dynamik Hendry C. y Brown J. (2006) Dinamicas de aglomeracion y rendimiento en la industria britanica de optoelectronica, Regional Studies 40, 707-725. Se cree que la 'aglomeracion' espacial de sociedades, recursos e infraestructura genera unos beneficios importantes a las empresas individuales y las regiones. Esta proposicion la comprobamos a traves de un estudio de un sector poco investigado, la industria britanica de optoelectronica donde existe una serie de aglomeraciones. Los analisis de las empresas y regiones muestran que la aglomeracion no genera beneficios especiales de rendimiento comparado con empresas no aglomeradas. Un analisis a las dinamicas de redes pone de manifiesto que los mercados y efectos del ciclo de vida son factores mas significativos que afectan al rendimiento. Aglomeraciones Rendimiento Optoelectronica GB Dinamicas

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 7 ()
    Pages: 707-725

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:7:p:707-725
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    1. Spielkamp, Alfred & Vopel, Katrin, 1998. "Mapping innovative clusters in national innovation systems," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-45, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    2. Ron Martin & Peter Sunley, 2003. "Deconstructing clusters: chaotic concept or policy panacea?," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 5-35, January.
    3. Swann, Peter & Prevezer, Martha, 1996. "A comparison of the dynamics of industrial clustering in computing and biotechnology," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(7), pages 1139-1157, October.
    4. Rolf Sternberg, 1999. "Innovative Linkages and Proximity: Empirical Results from Recent Surveys of Small and Medium Sized Firms in German Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(6), pages 529-540.
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    6. Cristiano Antonelli, 1996. "Localized knowledge percolation processes and information networks," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 281-295.
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