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Informal social networks and spatial mobility: the enduring impact of communist history in Eastern Germany

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  • Peter Boenisch
  • Lutz Schneider

Abstract

Individuals' preferences in transition regions are still shaped by the former communist system. We test this 'communist legacy' hypothesis by examining the impact of acculturation in a communist regime on social network participation and, as a consequence, on preferences for spatial mobility. We focus on the paradigmatic case of Eastern Germany, where mobility intentions seem to be substantially weaker than in the Western part. Applying an IV ordered probit approach we first find that Eastern people acculturated in a communist system are more invested in locally bounded informal social capital than Western people. Second, we confirm that membership in such locally bounded social networks reduces the intention to move away. Third, after controlling for the social network effect the mobility gap between East and West is substantially reduced. Low spatial mobility of the Eastern population, we conclude, is to an important extent attributable to a social capital endowment characteristic of post-communist economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Boenisch & Lutz Schneider, 2010. "Informal social networks and spatial mobility: the enduring impact of communist history in Eastern Germany," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(4), pages 483-497.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:pocoec:v:22:y:2010:i:4:p:483-497
    DOI: 10.1080/14631377.2010.518470
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. David, Quentin & Janiak, Alexandre & Wasmer, Etienne, 2010. "Local social capital and geographical mobility," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 191-204, September.
    2. Annekatrin Niebuhr & Nadia Granato & Anette Haas & Silke Hamann, 2012. "Does Labour Mobility Reduce Disparities between Regional Labour Markets in Germany?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(7), pages 841-858, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fackler, Daniel & Rippe, Lisa, 2016. "Losing work, moving away? Regional mobility after job loss," IWH Discussion Papers 26/2016, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    2. Nina Neubecker, 2013. "Low Occupational Prestige and Internal Migration in Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 562, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    3. repec:bla:labour:v:31:y:2017:i:4:p:457-479 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Daniel Fackler & Lisa Rippe, 2016. "Losing Work, Moving away? Regional Mobility after Job Loss," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 861, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).

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