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If at first you don't succeed: applying for and staying on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Listed author(s):
  • D. Ribar
  • Christopher A. Swann

We examine households' applications to and participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program using administrative records from South Carolina. We model application resolutions with multinomial logit (MNL) specifications where the possible outcomes are acceptance, denial due to income ineligibility, denial due to a failure to provide sufficient information and denial due to other reasons. For cases with successful applications, we model the durations of participation spells using competing risk hazard specifications that distinguish among exits that result from missed recertifications, financial ineligibility, incomplete or missing information and other reasons. The application and hazard outcomes depend on past programme behaviour and observed characteristics. The results indicate that a household's application and participation history affect its subsequent application success and programme tenure.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/00036846.2014.929623
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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 46 (2014)
Issue (Month): 27 (September)
Pages: 3339-3350

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Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:46:y:2014:i:27:p:3339-3350
DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2014.929623
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  9. George Davis & Wen You, 2010. "The time cost of food at home: general and food stamp participant profiles," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(20), pages 2537-2552.
  10. Beth Osborne Daponte & Seth Sanders & Lowell Taylor, 1999. "Why Do Low-Income Households not Use Food Stamps? Evidence from an Experiment," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(3), pages 612-628.
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