Evaluating poverty duration and transition: a spell-approach to rural China
This article uses a discrete-time multivariate duration model to study poverty transition in rural China between 1989 and 2006. The analysis identifies nonlinear negative duration-dependence for both exit and re-entry rates of poverty. There is significant difference in hazard rates of exit and re-entry associated with geographic location and educational level of households, but less related to gender, occupation or ethnic background of household head. The factors facilitating households' ending a poverty spell are found to be education, land ownership, asset accumulation, health insurance and outmigration, whereas larger family size and dependence ratio may reduce the chance of exit.
Volume (Year): 18 (2011)
Issue (Month): 14 ()
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