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Do governments lead or lag in fighting crime?


  • Paresh Kumar Narayan
  • Russell Smyth


We examine the Granger causal relationship between police strength and a variety of different types of crime for South Australia. We find that with the exception of assault and homicide in the long run, the crime rate and police strength are neutral.

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  • Paresh Kumar Narayan & Russell Smyth, 2006. "Do governments lead or lag in fighting crime?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 11-15.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:13:y:2006:i:1:p:11-15 DOI: 10.1080/13504850500119179

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hansen, Bruce E, 2002. "Tests for Parameter Instability in Regressions with I(1) Processes," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 45-59, January.
    2. Ehrlich, Isaac, 1973. "Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 521-565, May-June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fazıl Kayıkçı & Melike Bildirici, 2015. "Economic Growth and Electricity Consumption in GCC and MENA Countries," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 83(2), pages 303-316, June.

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