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European Countries Trapped in Food Poverty and Inequality: Agricultural Sustainability is the Promising Solution

Author

Listed:
  • Khalid Zaman

    () (University of Sargodha)

  • Talat Islam

    () (University of the Punjab)

  • Zulkanain Abdul Rahman

    () (University of Malaya)

  • Amer Saifude Ghazali

    () (University of Malaya)

  • Saddam Hussain

    (COMSATS Institute of Information Technology)

  • Muhammad Imran Malik

    (COMSATS Institute of Information Technology)

Abstract

Abstract This study examines the relationship between agricultural sustainability, food poverty and inequality from the panel of 20 European countries over the period 1990–2013. The study decomposed agricultural sustainability indicators into its four components including agricultural value added per worker, agricultural employment, agricultural raw material exports and forest area, while food poverty associated with the household final consumption expenditures coupled with the food inequality that represented by Gini coefficient and income share by lowest 20 % population respectively. The results show that agricultural employment, agricultural value added per worker, forest area, fossil fuel and GDP per capita significantly associated with the increasing household final consumption expenditures, while carbon dioxide emissions, industrial value added and inflation have a negative relationship with the household consumption expenditures in the panel of selected European countries. The results indicate that agricultural sustainability considerably decrease income inequality on the cost of fossil fuel energy consumption, while GDP per capita and industrial value added significantly decline income inequality during the study period. There is a significant increase in the income share of lowest 20 % population due to agricultural sustainability and growth reforms in the region. The study concludes that agricultural sustainability is the promising solution to reduce food poverty and inequality in the region.

Suggested Citation

  • Khalid Zaman & Talat Islam & Zulkanain Abdul Rahman & Amer Saifude Ghazali & Saddam Hussain & Muhammad Imran Malik, 2016. "European Countries Trapped in Food Poverty and Inequality: Agricultural Sustainability is the Promising Solution," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 129(1), pages 181-194, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:129:y:2016:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-015-1098-z
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-015-1098-z
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dowler, Elizabeth A. & O’Connor, Deirdre, 2012. "Rights-based approaches to addressing food poverty and food insecurity in Ireland and UK," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 44-51.
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    6. World Bank, 2014. "World Development Indicators 2014," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 18237, April.
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