IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

European Countries Trapped in Food Poverty and Inequality: Agricultural Sustainability is the Promising Solution


  • Khalid Zaman

    () (University of Sargodha)

  • Talat Islam

    () (University of the Punjab)

  • Zulkanain Abdul Rahman

    () (University of Malaya)

  • Amer Saifude Ghazali

    () (University of Malaya)

  • Saddam Hussain

    (COMSATS Institute of Information Technology)

  • Muhammad Imran Malik

    (COMSATS Institute of Information Technology)


Abstract This study examines the relationship between agricultural sustainability, food poverty and inequality from the panel of 20 European countries over the period 1990–2013. The study decomposed agricultural sustainability indicators into its four components including agricultural value added per worker, agricultural employment, agricultural raw material exports and forest area, while food poverty associated with the household final consumption expenditures coupled with the food inequality that represented by Gini coefficient and income share by lowest 20 % population respectively. The results show that agricultural employment, agricultural value added per worker, forest area, fossil fuel and GDP per capita significantly associated with the increasing household final consumption expenditures, while carbon dioxide emissions, industrial value added and inflation have a negative relationship with the household consumption expenditures in the panel of selected European countries. The results indicate that agricultural sustainability considerably decrease income inequality on the cost of fossil fuel energy consumption, while GDP per capita and industrial value added significantly decline income inequality during the study period. There is a significant increase in the income share of lowest 20 % population due to agricultural sustainability and growth reforms in the region. The study concludes that agricultural sustainability is the promising solution to reduce food poverty and inequality in the region.

Suggested Citation

  • Khalid Zaman & Talat Islam & Zulkanain Abdul Rahman & Amer Saifude Ghazali & Saddam Hussain & Muhammad Imran Malik, 2016. "European Countries Trapped in Food Poverty and Inequality: Agricultural Sustainability is the Promising Solution," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 129(1), pages 181-194, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:129:y:2016:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-015-1098-z
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-015-1098-z

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Abstract
    Download Restriction: Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dowler, Elizabeth A. & O’Connor, Deirdre, 2012. "Rights-based approaches to addressing food poverty and food insecurity in Ireland and UK," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 44-51.
    2. Cassman, K. G. & Harwood, R. R., 1995. "The nature of agricultural systems: food security and environmental balance," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 439-454, October.
    3. Emile A. Frison & Jeremy Cherfas & Toby Hodgkin, 2011. "Agricultural Biodiversity Is Essential for a Sustainable Improvement in Food and Nutrition Security," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(1), pages 1-16, January.
    4. Newman, Carol & Rand, John & Talbot, Theodore & Tarp, Finn, 2015. "Technology transfers, foreign investment and productivity spillovers," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 168-187.
    5. Hanjra, Munir A. & Qureshi, M. Ejaz, 2010. "Global water crisis and future food security in an era of climate change," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 365-377, October.
    6. World Bank, 2014. "World Development Indicators 2014," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 18237.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. repec:dug:actaec:y:2018:i:4:p:631-641 is not listed on IDEAS


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:129:y:2016:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-015-1098-z. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla) or (Rebekah McClure). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.