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Innovation and employment: a firm level study of Indian industries

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  • Arup Mitra

    ()

  • Amit Jha

    ()

Abstract

This study based on the firm level data for eleven industries for the period ranging from 1998 through 2010 makes an attempt to capture the effect of R&D on employment in the backdrop of the debate on possible tradeoffs between innovation and labour absorption. It also estimates the firm specific time variant total factor productivity growth and technical efficiency and assesses the impact of R&D on these performance indicators. Though the findings are not supportive of a positive relationship between R&D and productivity, the elasticity of employment with respect to R&D is seen to be positive in a number of industries. Even when R&D does not mean actual innovation of technology, it involves processing of byproducts and efforts pursued to bring in an improvement in product quality and efficiency which may be resulting in employment gains. This finding has important policy implications reinforcing the importance of incentives for pursuing R&D on a larger scale. Copyright Eurasia Business and Economics Society 2015

Suggested Citation

  • Arup Mitra & Amit Jha, 2015. "Innovation and employment: a firm level study of Indian industries," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 5(1), pages 45-71, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:eurasi:v:5:y:2015:i:1:p:45-71
    DOI: 10.1007/s40821-015-0015-3
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:reveco:v:56:y:2018:i:c:p:347-362 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. L. Aldieri & C. P. Vinci, 2018. "Innovation effects on employment in high-tech and low-tech industries: evidence from large international firms within the triad," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 8(2), pages 229-243, June.
    3. Peng, Fei & Anwar, Sajid & Kang, Lili, 2017. "New technology and old institutions: An empirical analysis of the skill-biased demand for older workers in Europe," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 1-19.
    4. Alessandra Colombelli & Jackie Krafft & Marco Vivarelli, 2016. "To be born is not enough: the key role of innovative start-ups," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 47(2), pages 277-291, August.
    5. repec:eee:wdevel:v:96:y:2017:i:c:p:1-18 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Piva, Mariacristina & Vivarelli, Marco, 2017. "Technological Change and Employment: Were Ricardo and Marx Right?," IZA Discussion Papers 10471, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. Mariacristina Piva & Marco Vivarelli, 2017. "The employment impact of R&D expenditures and capital formation," DISCE - Quaderni dell'Istituto di Politica Economica ispe0078, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    8. Alessandra Colombelli & Jackie Krafft & Marco Vivarelli, 2016. "Entrepreneurship and Innovation: New Entries, Survival, Growth," GREDEG Working Papers 2016-04, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
    9. repec:spr:eurasi:v:8:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s40821-017-0100-x is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Getinet Haile & Ilina Srour & Marco Vivarelli, 2017. "Imported technology and manufacturing employment in Ethiopia," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 7(1), pages 1-23, April.
    11. Elena Meschi & Erol Taymaz & Marco Vivarelli, 2016. "Globalization, technological change and labor demand: a firm-level analysis for Turkey," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 152(4), pages 655-680, November.
    12. Piva, Mariacristina & Vivarelli, Marco, 2017. "R&D Expenditures and Employment: Evidence from Europe," GLO Discussion Paper Series 18, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    13. Piva, Mariacristina & Vivarelli, Marco, 2017. "Is R&D Good for Employment? Microeconometric Evidence from the EU," IZA Discussion Papers 10581, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    14. Colombelli, Alessandra & Krafft, Jackie & Vivarelli, Marco, 2016. "New Firms and Post-Entry Performance: The Role of Innovation," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 201602, University of Turin.
    15. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:4:p:1279-:d:142412 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Mariacristina Piva & Marco Vivarelli, 2018. "Is Innovation Destroying Jobs? Firm-Level Evidence from the EU," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(4), pages 1-16, April.
    17. repec:eee:respol:v:46:y:2017:i:8:p:1519-1530 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. repec:bla:jecsur:v:32:y:2018:i:1:p:83-117 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. repec:kap:jtecht:v:43:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s10961-017-9628-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. repec:bla:jecsur:v:32:y:2018:i:1:p:50-82 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Barbieri, Laura & Piva, Mariacristina & Vivarelli, Marco, 2016. "R&D, Embodied Technological Change and Employment: Evidence from Italian Microdata," IZA Discussion Papers 10354, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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    Keywords

    Innovation; R&D; Employment; TFPG; Technical efficiency;

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