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Economic Integration, Process and Product Innovation, and Relative Skill Demand

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  • Sebastian Braun

Abstract

The interaction between economic integration, product and process innovation, and relative skill demand is analyzed in a model of international oligopoly. Lower trading barriers increase the degree of foreign competition. The competing enterprises respond by investing more aggressively in lowering marginal costs of production. Moreover, firms reduce the substitutability of their products through additional investment in product innovation. The paper also shows that the relative demand for skilled workers may increase as a result.

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  • Sebastian Braun, 2008. "Economic Integration, Process and Product Innovation, and Relative Skill Demand," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(5), pages 864-873, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:16:y:2008:i:5:p:864-873
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9396.2008.00754.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Basak, Debasmita & Mukherjee, Arijit, 2018. "Labour unionisation structure and product innovation," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 98-110.
    2. Ugur, Mehmet & Mitra, Arup, 2014. "Effects of innovation on employment in low-income countries: A mixed-method systematic review," MPRA Paper 58214, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 Aug 2014.
    3. Kazuhiro Takauchi & Tomomichi Mizuno, 2019. "Consumer-benefiting transport cost: The role of product innovation in a vertical structure," Discussion Papers 1911, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.
    4. Hoefele, Andreas, 2016. "Endogenous product differentiation and international R&D policy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 335-346.
    5. Arup Mitra & Amit Jha, 2015. "Innovation and employment: a firm level study of Indian industries," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 5(1), pages 45-71, June.
    6. Mehdi Chowdhury & Arijit Mukherjee, 2016. "Labour Market Integration and Innovation: The Implications on Consumers," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 84(6), pages 771-794, December.
    7. Noriaki Matsushima & Tomomichi Mizuno, 2009. "Input specificity and product differentiation," ISER Discussion Paper 0745, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    8. Ugur, Mehmet & Mitra, Arup, 2017. "Technology Adoption and Employment in Less Developed Countries: A Mixed-Method Systematic Review," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 1-18.
    9. Onur A. Koska, 2020. "Sourcing product quality for foreign market entry," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 156(3), pages 669-702, August.
    10. Alvaro Cuervo-Cazurra & C. Annique Un, 2011. "Economic Integration and the Technological Capabilities of Domestic Firms," Chapters, in: Miroslav N. Jovanović (ed.), International Handbook on the Economics of Integration, Volume II, chapter 4, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    11. OKOSHI Hirofumi, 2021. "Innovation for Tax Avoidance: Product Differentiation and the Arm's Length Principle," Discussion papers 21038, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    12. Debasmita Basak & Arijit Mukherjee, 2011. "Unionisation structure and product innovation," Discussion Papers 11/12, University of Nottingham, School of Economics.
    13. Hwang, Hong & Hsueh, Yi-Shan & Peng, Cheng-Hau, 2018. "Trade liberalization and product R&D in a differentiated duopoly," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 34-38.

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