IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/spr/annopr/v255y2017i1d10.1007_s10479-016-2106-7.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Environmental subsidy and the choice of green technology in the presence of green consumers

Author

Listed:
  • Gongbing Bi

    (University of Science and Technology of China)

  • Minyue Jin

    (University of Science and Technology of China)

  • Liuyi Ling

    (University of Science and Technology of China)

  • Feng Yang

    () (University of Science and Technology of China)

Abstract

Abstract In this paper, we present a study on a government using subsidy policy to motivate firms’ adoption of green emissions-reducing technology when consumers are environmentally discerning. We consider two profit-maximizing firms selling two products in a price and pollution sensitive market. The products differ only in their manufacturing costs, selling prices and the amount of pollutant emissions per unit of product. The objective of each firm is to determine the selling prices of the products, taking into account the impact of green technology on costs and customer demands. Two cases are considered: (1) the government has limited budget and can choose only one firm at most to provide subsidy; (2) the government has sufficient budget and can choose both firms to provide subsidy. We discuss which firm should be selected in each case and in which situation the firm has incentive to invest in the green technology. We also show that the green technology level, environmental improvement coefficient and unit cost increase coefficient play important roles in the government subsidy strategy.

Suggested Citation

  • Gongbing Bi & Minyue Jin & Liuyi Ling & Feng Yang, 2017. "Environmental subsidy and the choice of green technology in the presence of green consumers," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 255(1), pages 547-568, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:annopr:v:255:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s10479-016-2106-7
    DOI: 10.1007/s10479-016-2106-7
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10479-016-2106-7
    File Function: Abstract
    Download Restriction: Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Apergis, Nicholas & Payne, James E., 2009. "CO2 emissions, energy usage, and output in Central America," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 3282-3286, August.
    2. Xiting Gong & Sean X. Zhou, 2013. "Optimal Production Planning with Emissions Trading," Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 61(4), pages 908-924, August.
    3. Zhang, Xing-Ping & Cheng, Xiao-Mei, 2009. "Energy consumption, carbon emissions, and economic growth in China," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(10), pages 2706-2712, August.
    4. S. Du & F. Ma & Z. Fu & L. Zhu & J. Zhang, 2015. "Game-theoretic analysis for an emission-dependent supply chain in a ‘cap-and-trade’ system," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 228(1), pages 135-149, May.
    5. Bansal, Sangeeta, 2008. "Choice and design of regulatory instruments in the presence of green consumers," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 345-368, August.
    6. Goulder, Lawrence H. & Hafstead, Marc A.C. & Dworsky, Michael, 2010. "Impacts of alternative emissions allowance allocation methods under a federal cap-and-trade program," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 60(3), pages 161-181, November.
    7. Gray, Wayne B & Shadbegian, Ronald J, 1998. "Environmental Regulation, Investment Timing, and Technology Choice," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 235-256, June.
    8. MacKenzie, Ian A. & Ohndorf, Markus, 2012. "Cap-and-trade, taxes, and distributional conflict," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 51-65.
    9. Chialin Chen, 2001. "Design for the Environment: A Quality-Based Model for Green Product Development," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 47(2), pages 250-263, February.
    10. Galinato, Gregmar I. & Yoder, Jonathan K., 2010. "An integrated tax-subsidy policy for carbon emission reduction," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 310-326, August.
    11. Letmathe, Peter & Balakrishnan, Nagraj, 2005. "Environmental considerations on the optimal product mix," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 167(2), pages 398-412, December.
    12. Fischer, Carolyn & Parry, Ian W. H. & Pizer, William A., 2003. "Instrument choice for environmental protection when technological innovation is endogenous," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 523-545, May.
    13. Mandell, Svante, 2008. "Optimal mix of emissions taxes and cap-and-trade," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 131-140, September.
    14. Maurice D. Levi & Barrie R. Nault, 2004. "Converting Technology to Mitigate Environmental Damage," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 50(8), pages 1015-1030, August.
    15. Arouri, Mohamed El Hedi & Ben Youssef, Adel & M'henni, Hatem & Rault, Christophe, 2012. "Energy consumption, economic growth and CO2 emissions in Middle East and North African countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 342-349.
    16. Du, Shaofu & Zhu, Lili & Liang, Liang & Ma, Fang, 2013. "Emission-dependent supply chain and environment-policy-making in the ‘cap-and-trade’ system," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 61-67.
    17. Hammar, Henrik & Löfgren, Åsa, 2010. "Explaining adoption of end of pipe solutions and clean technologies--Determinants of firms' investments for reducing emissions to air in four sectors in Sweden," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 3644-3651, July.
    18. Adam Jaffe & Richard Newell & Robert Stavins, 2002. "Environmental Policy and Technological Change," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 22(1), pages 41-70, June.
    19. Gil-Moltó, Maria José & Varvarigos, Dimitrios, 2013. "Emission taxes and the adoption of cleaner technologies: The case of environmentally conscious consumers," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 486-504.
    20. Milliman, Scott R. & Prince, Raymond, 1989. "Firm incentives to promote technological change in pollution control," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 247-265, November.
    21. Tarui, Nori & Polasky, Stephen, 2005. "Environmental regulation with technology adoption, learning and strategic behavior," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 447-467, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:ejores:v:276:y:2019:i:2:p:757-769 is not listed on IDEAS

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spr:annopr:v:255:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s10479-016-2106-7. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla) or (Mallaigh Nolan). General contact details of provider: http://www.springer.com .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.