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Konwergencja czy dywergencja regionów włoskich?

Listed author(s):
  • Sławomir Pastuszka
  • Jurand Skrzypek
Registered author(s):

    Głównym celem artykułu jest próba ustalenia, czy między regionami włoskimi występuje zjawisko konwergencji czy też dywergencji w poziomie rozwoju i czy te procesy miały trwały czy okresowy charakter. Do osiągnięcia tego celu wykorzystano metody- analizy literatury przedmiotu, analizy skupień, estymacji dynamicznych modeli panelowych oraz inne metody statystyczne. Badanie opiera się na danych zaczerpniętych z Urzędu Statystycznego Włoch ISTAT i obejmuje takie zmienne, jak PKB per capita, inwestycje per capita, wynagrodzenia brutto oraz stopy bezrobocia. Badaniem objęto lata 2000-2013, wyodrębniając jednocześnie podokres 2000-2007, przed globalnym kryzysem finansowym oraz 2008-2013, po rozpoczęciu kryzysu. Autorzy wykazali, że między regionami włoskimi występują zarówno procesy konwergencji, jak i procesy dywergencji, lecz zachodzą one głównie wewnątrz makroregionów i dotyczą jedynie pojedynczych zmiennych. Tylko w przypadku stopy bezrobocia można mówić o konwergencji jako o zjawisku ogólnym, które występuje zarówno w skali całego kraju, jak i wewnątrz makroregionów. Zdaniem autorów, to zjawisko może mieć charakter pozorny, związany z m.in. migracją zarobkową bezrobotnych z południa na północ Włoch, ukrytym bezrobociem w rolnictwie i turystyce, a także z pominięciem w ewidencji bezrobotnych osób zniechęconych do poszukiwania pracy w południowowłoskich regionach. Dalsze utrzymanie się bieżących trendów wewnątrz makroregionów prawdopodobnie spowoduje powiększenie się luki rozwojowej regionów Mezzogiorno, względem północnej i środkowej części Włoch.

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    Article provided by Warsaw School of Economics in its journal Gospodarka Narodowa.

    Volume (Year): (2017)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 101-130

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    Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2017:i:2:p:101-130
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