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Konwergencja czy dywergencja regionów włoskich?

Author

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  • Sławomir Pastuszka
  • Jurand Skrzypek

Abstract

Głównym celem artykułu jest próba ustalenia, czy między regionami włoskimi występuje zjawisko konwergencji czy też dywergencji w poziomie rozwoju i czy te procesy miały trwały czy okresowy charakter. Do osiągnięcia tego celu wykorzystano metody- analizy literatury przedmiotu, analizy skupień, estymacji dynamicznych modeli panelowych oraz inne metody statystyczne. Badanie opiera się na danych zaczerpniętych z Urzędu Statystycznego Włoch ISTAT i obejmuje takie zmienne, jak PKB per capita, inwestycje per capita, wynagrodzenia brutto oraz stopy bezrobocia. Badaniem objęto lata 2000-2013, wyodrębniając jednocześnie podokres 2000-2007, przed globalnym kryzysem finansowym oraz 2008-2013, po rozpoczęciu kryzysu. Autorzy wykazali, że między regionami włoskimi występują zarówno procesy konwergencji, jak i procesy dywergencji, lecz zachodzą one głównie wewnątrz makroregionów i dotyczą jedynie pojedynczych zmiennych. Tylko w przypadku stopy bezrobocia można mówić o konwergencji jako o zjawisku ogólnym, które występuje zarówno w skali całego kraju, jak i wewnątrz makroregionów. Zdaniem autorów, to zjawisko może mieć charakter pozorny, związany z m.in. migracją zarobkową bezrobotnych z południa na północ Włoch, ukrytym bezrobociem w rolnictwie i turystyce, a także z pominięciem w ewidencji bezrobotnych osób zniechęconych do poszukiwania pracy w południowowłoskich regionach. Dalsze utrzymanie się bieżących trendów wewnątrz makroregionów prawdopodobnie spowoduje powiększenie się luki rozwojowej regionów Mezzogiorno, względem północnej i środkowej części Włoch.

Suggested Citation

  • Sławomir Pastuszka & Jurand Skrzypek, 2017. "Konwergencja czy dywergencja regionów włoskich?," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 2, pages 101-130.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2017:i:2:p:101-130
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    β i σ konwergencja/dywergencja; regiony włoskie; dynamiczne modele panelowe;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics

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