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Oddziaływanie akumulacji rezerw dewizowych na wzrost gospodarczy w krajach na średnim poziomie rozwoju

Listed author(s):
  • Marek A. Dąbrowski

Celem artykułu jest zbadanie, czy akumulacja rezerw dewizowych była czynnikiem sprzyjającym procesom konwergencji i wzrostu gospodarczego w gospodarkach wschodzących. Realizację tego badania podzielono na dwa zadania badawcze- sformułowanie wiarygodnego wytłumaczenia relacji zachodzącej między akumulacją rezerw a konwergencją i wzrostem gospodarczym oraz przedstawienie mocniejszych dowodów empirycznych niż te oparte na prostej analizie korelacji i regresji. Zidentyfikowano cztery główne kanały oddziaływania akumulacji rezerw na wzrost PKB per capita- Keynesowski kanał pobudzania inwestycji, kanał podtrzymywania konkurencyjności międzynarodowej (związany z hipotezą o rekonstrukcji systemu z Bretton Woods), kanał oszczędnościowo­‑inwestycyjny (związany z ograniczonym dostępem do funduszy pożyczkowych) i kanał łagodzenia niekorzystnego wpływu słabości instytucjonalnych i niesprawności rynku na wzrost gospodarczy. Empiryczna analiza relacji między rezerwami dewizowymi a wzrostem PKB per capita pozwoliła sformułować trzy wnioski. Po pierwsze, akumulacja rezerw sprzyjała procesom konwergencji i wzrostu gospodarczego, niezależnie od przyjętego w analizie miernika rezerw. Po drugie, stwierdzono, że relacja ta była silniejsza w grupie krajów na wysokim i średnim poziomie rozwoju niż w grupie obejmującej wszystkie kraje. Po trzecie, ustalono, że akumulacja rezerw oddziaływała na wzrost gospodarczy nie tylko bezpośrednio przez podtrzymywanie konkurencyjności międzynarodowej, ale także innymi kanałami.

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File URL: http://gospodarkanarodowa.sgh.waw.pl/p/gospodarka_narodowa_2014_05_04.pdf
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Article provided by Warsaw School of Economics in its journal Gospodarka Narodowa.

Volume (Year): (2014)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 81-111

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Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2014:i:5:p:81-111
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