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Gromadzenie aktywów rezerwowych a motyw naśladownictwa - doświadczenia wybranych krajów z państwowymi funduszami majątkowymi

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  • Dariusz Urban
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    Artykuł porusza zagadnienie motywów akumulacji rezerw walutowych. Celem artykułu jest empiryczna weryfikacja hipotezy zakładającej, że pośród innych czynników makroekonomicznych, popyt na rezerwy jest determinowany motywem behawioralnym a konkretnie dążeniem do naśladownictwa. W badaniu wykonanym dla danych z lat 1990-2013 opartym na próbie 12 krajów azjatyckich oraz Rosji, posiadających państwowe fundusze majątkowe wykorzystano narzędzie w postaci regresji panelowej. Uzyskane wyniki empiryczne, w tym testy odporności, wskazują na występowanie konkurencyjnego gromadzenia rezerw w analizowanej grupie krajów. Skala zjawiska nie jest jednakowa, najsilniej ujawnia się po wykluczeniu z grupy Singapuru, Indonezji oraz Chin, najsłabszy efekt naśladownictwa ma miejsce wraz z usunięciem z badanej grupy Rosji. Występowanie behawioralnych motywów gromadzenia rezerw, skłania do postawienia pytania o motywy naśladownictwa jako czynniki mogący wywierać wpływ na decyzję utworzenia przez kraj wehikułu inwestycyjnego w postaci państwowego funduszu majątkowego.

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    File URL: http://gospodarkanarodowa.sgh.waw.pl/p/gospodarka_narodowa_2016_03_06.pdf
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    Article provided by Warsaw School of Economics in its journal Gospodarka Narodowa.

    Volume (Year): (2016)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 127-143

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    Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2016:i:3:p:127-143
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    1. Cheung, Yin-Wong & Sengupta, Rajeswari, 2011. "Accumulation of reserves and keeping up with the Joneses: The case of LATAM economies," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 19-31, January.
    2. Aizenman, Joshua & Cheung, Yin-Wong & Ito, Hiro, 2015. "International reserves before and after the global crisis: Is there no end to hoarding?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 102-126.
    3. Pietro Cova & Patrizio Pagano & Massimiliano Pisani, 2014. "Foreign exchange reserve diversification and the "exorbitant privilege"," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 964, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    4. Yin-Wong Cheung & Xingwang Qian, 2009. "Hoarding of International Reserves: Mrs Machlup's Wardrobe and the Joneses," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(4), pages 824-843, 09.
    5. Marek A. Dąbrowski, 2014. "Oddziaływanie akumulacji rezerw dewizowych na wzrost gospodarczy w krajach na średnim poziomie rozwoju," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 5, pages 81-111.
    6. Pontines, Victor & Yongqiang, Li, 2011. "Regime dependence, Mrs. Machlup's wardrobe and the accumulation of international reserves in Asia," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 110(3), pages 231-234, March.
    7. Marek A. Dąbrowski, 2015. "Jakość danych o rezerwach dewizowych a kryzysy finansowe w gospodarkach wschodzących," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 3, pages 49-78.
    8. Alhashel, Bader, 2015. "Sovereign Wealth Funds: A literature review," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 1-13.
    9. Olivier Jeanne, 2007. "International Reserves in Emerging Market Countries: Too Much of a Good Thing?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 38(1), pages 1-80.
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