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Konwergencja wydajności pracy w rolnictwie a intensywność handlu rolno-żywnościowego w amerykańskich ugrupowaniach handlowych


  • Agnieszka Sapa
  • Agnieszka Baer-Nawrocka


Głównym celem artykułu jest identyfikacja procesu konwergencji w zakresie wydajności pracy w rolnictwie w regionalnych ugrupowaniach handlowych Ameryki Północnej (NAFTA), Środkowej (CACM) i Południowej (Mercosur). Analizę przeprowadzono na tle kształtowania się intensywności wewnątrzregionalnego handlu rolno-żywnościowego tych ugrupowań. Do oszacowania dysproporcji międzyregionalnych w poziomie wydajności pracy w rolnictwie analizowanych ugrupowań wykorzystano współczynnik σ-konwergencji. Ocenę efektów zmian w przepływach handlowych w ramach poszczególnych ugrupowań oparto na wskaźnikach regionalnych współzależności, takich jak: udział handlu wewnątrzregionalnego, wskaźnik intensywności handlu wewnątrzregionalnego oraz symetryczny wskaźnik introwersji handlu. Zakres czasowy badania obejmuje lata 1980–2010. Przeprowadzone analizy dowiodły, że konwergencja wydajności pracy miała miejsce jedynie w Mercosur. Jednocześnie intensywność wewnątrzregionalnego handlu rolno-żywnościowego rosła wolniej niż handlu zewnątrzregionalnego, czemu towarzyszył wzrost udziału tego ugrupowania w handlu światowym. W pozostałych analizowanych ugrupowaniach stopniowemu wzmacnianiu regionalnego ukierunkowania handlu rolno-żywnościowego nie towarzyszyły zmiany w poziomie wskaźnika konwergencji bądź występował proces dywergencji w zakresie wydajności pracy w rolnictwie.

Suggested Citation

  • Agnieszka Sapa & Agnieszka Baer-Nawrocka, 2014. "Konwergencja wydajności pracy w rolnictwie a intensywność handlu rolno-żywnościowego w amerykańskich ugrupowaniach handlowych," Gospodarka Narodowa, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 3, pages 111-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2014:i:3:p:111-131

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Adamowicz, Mieczysław & Szepeluk, Adam, 2018. "Regional convergence of labour productivity in rural sectors in the context of funds obtained for agriculture from the European Union," Problems of Agricultural Economics / Zagadnienia Ekonomiki Rolnej 276475, Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics - National Research Institute (IAFE-NRI).

    More about this item


    wydajność pracy; handel rolno-żywnościowy; regionalne ugrupowania handlowe;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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