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Konwergencja wydajności pracy w rolnictwie a intensywność handlu rolno-żywnościowego w amerykańskich ugrupowaniach handlowych

Listed author(s):
  • Agnieszka Sapa
  • Agnieszka Baer-Nawrocka
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    Głównym celem artykułu jest identyfikacja procesu konwergencji w zakresie wydajności pracy w rolnictwie w regionalnych ugrupowaniach handlowych Ameryki Północnej (NAFTA), Środkowej (CACM) i Południowej (Mercosur). Analizę przeprowadzono na tle kształtowania się intensywności wewnątrzregionalnego handlu rolno-żywnościowego tych ugrupowań. Do oszacowania dysproporcji międzyregionalnych w poziomie wydajności pracy w rolnictwie analizowanych ugrupowań wykorzystano współczynnik σ-konwergencji. Ocenę efektów zmian w przepływach handlowych w ramach poszczególnych ugrupowań oparto na wskaźnikach regionalnych współzależności, takich jak- udział handlu wewnątrzregionalnego, wskaźnik intensywności handlu wewnątrzregionalnego oraz symetryczny wskaźnik introwersji handlu. Zakres czasowy badania obejmuje lata 1980–2010. Przeprowadzone analizy dowiodły, że konwergencja wydajności pracy miała miejsce jedynie w Mercosur. Jednocześnie intensywność wewnątrzregionalnego handlu rolno-żywnościowego rosła wolniej niż handlu zewnątrzregionalnego, czemu towarzyszył wzrost udziału tego ugrupowania w handlu światowym. W pozostałych analizowanych ugrupowaniach stopniowemu wzmacnianiu regionalnego ukierunkowania handlu rolno-żywnościowego nie towarzyszyły zmiany w poziomie wskaźnika konwergencji bądź występował proces dywergencji w zakresie wydajności pracy w rolnictwie.

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    Article provided by Warsaw School of Economics in its journal Gospodarka Narodowa.

    Volume (Year): (2014)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 111-131

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    Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2014:i:3:p:111-131
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