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Integrated Agriculture-Aquaculture Systems in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam: An Analysis of Recent Trends


  • Roel H. Bosma

    () (Wageningen University, The Netherlands)

  • Dang Kieu Nhan

    () (Mekong Delta Development Research Institute, Cantho University, Vietnam)

  • Le Thanh Phong

    () (Cantho University, Vietnam)

  • Le Quang Tri

    () (Cantho University, Vietnam)

  • Henk M.J. Udo

    () (Wageningen University, The Netherlands)

  • Akke J. van der Zijpp

    () (Wageningen University, The Netherlands)

  • Martinus E.F. van Mensvoort

    () (Wageningen University, the Netherlands)


In order to explain the trends in the development and farm attributes of Integrated Agriculture-Aquaculture (IAA) systems in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam, a participatory community appraisal and two surveys are carried out in three districts with contrasting fish culture input systems. The first survey, undertaken in December 2002, covers 90 households; the second, held December 2004, covers 80 households. The factors driving changes in the farming systems are the introduction of modern rice varieties, the policy of economic liberalization, market demand, and natural disasters. The principal components of IAA systems in the Mekong Delta which the study examines are the land use intensity, market access, farm diversity, farm inputs, and household income. The study finds that the hard-to-change farm characteristics are the land use intensities of rice, orchard and cash crops. In contrast, the easy-to-change farm characteristics are the number of farm components, the land use intensity of fish ponds, on-farm family labor, off-farm and non-farm income, and farm inputs. The main drivers of the changes over the two years are market demand and a poultry disease outbreak (Avian Influenza). Well-off farmers with good farming practices and enough capital tend to intensify their farming practices, while the poorer farmers tend towards diversification in order to safeguard their livelihood and avoid risks.

Suggested Citation

  • Roel H. Bosma & Dang Kieu Nhan & Le Thanh Phong & Le Quang Tri & Henk M.J. Udo & Akke J. van der Zijpp & Martinus E.F. van Mensvoort, 2007. "Integrated Agriculture-Aquaculture Systems in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam: An Analysis of Recent Trends," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 4(2), pages 51-66, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:sag:seajad:v:4:y:2007:i:2:p:51-66

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pingali, Prabhu L & Xuan, Vo-Tong, 1992. "Vietnam: Decollectivization and Rice Productivity Growth," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 40(4), pages 697-718, July.
    2. Erenstein, Olaf, 2006. "Intensification or extensification? Factors affecting technology use in peri-urban lowlands along an agro-ecological gradient in West Africa," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 90(1-3), pages 132-158, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jessica Blythe, 2013. "Social-ecological analysis of integrated agriculture-aquaculture systems in Dedza, Malawi," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 15(4), pages 1143-1155, August.

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