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Do Local Residents Value Federal Transfers?


  • Samira Bakhshi

    (University of Saskatchewan)

  • Mohammad Shakeri

    (University of Saskatchewan)

  • M. Rose Olfert

    (University of Saskatchewan,

  • Mark D. Partridge

    (The Ohio State University)

  • Simon Weseen

    (University of Saskatchewan)


A fundamental governance challenge for federal nations is benefiting from decentralization, while addressing potential negative side effects, including vertical and horizontal imbalances. Inefficient migration due to differential net fiscal benefits in subnational units is one potential negative side effect. To avoid this type of migration, federal payments to disadvantaged subnational units, a place-based policy, are often advocated. In this article, we assess federal equalization transfer payments in Canada as an example of such a policy. Equalization is appraised in terms of its marginal influence on interprovincial migration, after accounting for the persistent relative attractiveness (unattractiveness) of provinces as migration destinations/origins. We then compare equalization to an alternative policy that directly subsidizes workers. Compared to a ``people-based'' policy of wage subsidies, our findings suggest that at the margin, these federal transfers have virtually no impact on net migration.

Suggested Citation

  • Samira Bakhshi & Mohammad Shakeri & M. Rose Olfert & Mark D. Partridge & Simon Weseen, 2009. "Do Local Residents Value Federal Transfers?," Public Finance Review, , vol. 37(3), pages 235-268, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:pubfin:v:37:y:2009:i:3:p:235-268

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    Cited by:

    1. Ian G. Cahill & Michael Gager, 2014. "Explaining Canadian Regional Wage Relativities," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 44(2), pages 125-152, Summer.
    2. M. Rose Olfert, 2016. "Regional Inequality and Decentralized Governance: Canada's Provinces," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 46(3), pages 201-222, Winter.


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