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The Creative Class and Economic Development


  • Richard Florida

    (Martin Prosperity Institute, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada)


The Rise of the Creative Class, which was originally published in 2002, has generated widespread conversation and debate and has had a considerable impact on economic development policy and practice. This essay briefly recaps the key tenants of the creative class theory of economic development, discusses the key issues in the debate over it, and assesses its impacts on economic development policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Florida, 2014. "The Creative Class and Economic Development," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 28(3), pages 196-205, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:ecdequ:v:28:y:2014:i:3:p:196-205

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    1. repec:eee:reveco:v:55:y:2018:i:c:p:86-97 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:kap:jtecht:v:42:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1007_s10961-016-9478-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Neil Lee & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2016. "Is there trickle-down from tech? Poverty, employment and the high-technology multiplier in US cities," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1618, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Aug 2016.
    4. Stephan Brunow & Antonia Birkeneder & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, 2018. "Creative and science-oriented employees and firm-level innovation," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1808, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Feb 2018.
    5. Erik E. Lehmann & Nikolaus Seitz & Katharine Wirsching, 2017. "Smart finance for smart places to foster new venture creation," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 44(1), pages 51-75, March.
    6. repec:spr:eurasi:v:8:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s40821-017-0086-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Batabyal, Amitrajeet A. & Yoo, Seung Jick, 2018. "Schumpeterian creative class competition, innovation policy, and regional economic growth," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 86-97.
    8. Amitrajeet A. Batabyal & Peter Nijkamp, 2018. "A Two-Sector Model of Creative Capital Driven Regional Economic Growth," Journal of Quantitative Economics, Springer;The Indian Econometric Society (TIES), vol. 16(3), pages 831-840, September.
    9. Batabyal, Amitrajeet, 2018. "Creative Class Competition and Innovation in the Absence of Patent Protection," MPRA Paper 89604, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Apr 2018.
    10. Batabyal, Amitrajeet A. & Beladi, Hamid, 2018. "Artists, engineers, and aspects of economic growth in a creative region," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 214-219.
    11. Brunow, Stephan & Birkeneder, Antonia & Rodriguez-Pose, Andrés, 2017. "Creative and science oriented employees and firm innovation : a key for smarter cities?," IAB Discussion Paper 201724, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].


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