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Using Utilitarian and Rawlsian Policies to Attract the Creative Class: A Tale of Two Cities

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  • Batabyal, Amitrajeet
  • Yoo, Seung Jick

Abstract

Consider an aggregate economy of two cities. We study the impact that the use of utilitarian and Rawlsian policies by these two cities has on their ability to attract members of the the creative class. We first focus on the case in which both cities adopt utilitarian policies. Second, we analyze the case where both cities implement Rawlsian policies. Third, we study the case where one city uses a Rawlsian policy but the other city pursues a utilitarian policy. Fourth, we compare the policy outcomes in the first and the third cases above and show that if one city switches to a Rawlsian or more egalitarian objective when the other city remains utilitarian, the aggregate economy becomes less egalitarian. Finally, we compare the second and the third cases above and demonstrate that if one city switches to a Rawlsian or more egalitarian objective when the other city remains Rawlsian, the aggregate economy becomes more egalitarian.

Suggested Citation

  • Batabyal, Amitrajeet & Yoo, Seung Jick, 2019. "Using Utilitarian and Rawlsian Policies to Attract the Creative Class: A Tale of Two Cities," MPRA Paper 91827, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:91827
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    1. Ernst Fehr & Simon Gächter, 2000. "Fairness and Retaliation: The Economics of Reciprocity," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 159-181, Summer.
    2. Amitrajeet A. Batabyal & Karima Kourtit & Peter Nijkamp, 2019. "Using local public goods to attract and retain the creative class: A tale of two cities," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(3), pages 571-581, August.
    3. Batabyal, Amitrajeet A. & Nijkamp, Peter, 2016. "Creative capital in production, inefficiency, and inequality: A theoretical analysis," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 553-558.
    4. Richard Florida, 2014. "The Creative Class and Economic Development," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 28(3), pages 196-205, August.
    5. Thiess Buettner & Eckhard Janeba, 2016. "City competition for the creative class," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 40(4), pages 413-451, November.
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    7. Batabyal, Amitrajeet A. & Beladi, Hamid, 2018. "Artists, engineers, and aspects of economic growth in a creative region," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 214-219.
    8. Pontus Braunerhjelm & Ding Ding & Per Thulin, 2018. "The knowledge spillover theory of intrapreneurship," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 51(1), pages 1-30, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Amitrajeet A. BATABYAL & Seung Jick YOO, 2019. "A Stochastic Model Of Competition Between Two Cities For Members Of The Creative Class," Regional Science Inquiry, Hellenic Association of Regional Scientists, vol. 0(3), pages 37-42, December.
    2. Batabyal, Amitrajeet, 2020. "Monopoly vs. Individual Welfare When a Local Public Good is Used to Attract the Creative Class," MPRA Paper 101465, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 09 Jun 2020.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    City; Creative Class; Egalitarian; Rawlsian; Utilitarian;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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