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Creative Class and Regional Growth: Empirical Evidence from Seven European Countries

  • Ron A. Boschma
  • Michael Fritsch

This article analyzes the regional distribution and economic effect of the "creative class" on the basis of a unique data set that covers more than 500 regions in 7 European countries. The creative class is unevenly geographically distributed across Europe; the analyses show that a regional climate of tolerance and openness has a strong and positive effect on a region's share of these people. Regional job opportunities also have a large effect on the size of a region's population of the creative class. The findings reveal some evidence of a positive relationship among creative class occupation, employment growth, and entrepreneurship at the regional level in a number of European countries. On the basis of the analysis, however, it is not clear whether human capital, measured by creative occupation, outperforms indicators that are based on formal education, or if formal education has the stronger effect. Copyright (c) 2009 Clark University.

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Article provided by Clark University in its journal Economic Geography.

Volume (Year): 85 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 (October)
Pages: 391-423

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Handle: RePEc:bla:ecgeog:v:85:y:2009:i:4:p:391-423
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