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Here to Stay—The Effects of Community Satisfaction on the Decision to Stay

Author

Listed:
  • Charlotta Mellander
  • Richard Florida
  • Kevin Stolarick

Abstract

Abstract Why do some people stay in locations while others move? While most research has examined the factors which encourage people to move to new locations, we focus our research on the effects of satisfaction with individuals' current location on the decision to stay. To do so, we examine the relative effects of three kinds of factors: (1) satisfaction with community or place-based factors such as aesthetic appeal, outdoor space and recreational amenities, artistic and cultural amenities, the ability to meet people and make friends; (2) community economic conditions; and (3) individual-level demographic factors such as income, human capital, and age. Our findings indicate that place-based factors, in particular the beauty and physical appeal of the current location and the ability to meet people and make friends, explain more of the desire to stay than do community economic conditions or individual demographic characteristics. J'y suis, j'y reste—Effet de la satisfaction au niveau de la communauté sur la décision de rester Résumé Pourquoi certaines personnes restent-elles au même endroit, alors que d'autres se déplacent? Tandis que la plupart des travaux de recherche se sont penchés sur les facteurs encourageant les gens à changer d'endroit, nous nous concentrons sur les effets du degré de satisfaction des particuliers avec l'endroit où ils résident sur leur décision de rester. Pour ceci, nous examinons les effets relatifs de trois types de facteurs: (1) la satisfaction avec la communauté ou avec des facteurs propres à l'endroit, par exemple l'esthétique du lieu, les espaces au grand air et les aménagements de loisirs, artistiques et culturels, la capacité de rencontrer des gens, de nouer des liens d'amitié; (2) des conditions économiques propres à la communauté; et (3) des facteurs démographiques au niveau personnel: revenus, capital humain, âge, entre autres. Nos conclusions indiquent que des facteurs basés sur les lieux, notamment la beauté et l'attrait physique du lieu, et la capacité de rencontrer des gens et de nouer des liens d'amitié, expliquent le désir de rester sur place plutôt que des conditions économiques propres à la communauté ou des facteurs démographiques. La decisión de afincarse—Los efectos de la satisfacción de la comunidad sobre la decisión de afincarse Résumén ¿Por qué algunas personas se afincan en un lugar mientras que otras se mudan? Aunque en la mayoría de los estudios se han analizado los factores que motivan a las personas a mudarse a otros lugares, centramos nuestro estudio en los efectos de la satisfacción con el lugar actual del individuo sobre su decisión de afincarse. Para hacer esto, analizamos los efectos relativos de tres tipos de factores: (1) la satisfacción con la comunidad o factores basados en el lugar por ejemplo, la estética del lugar, el espacio exterior y los servicios recreativos, las prestaciones a artísticas y culturales, la posibilidad de reunirse con la gente y hacer amigos; (2) las condiciones económicas de la comunidad; y (3) los factores demográficos a nivel individual, por ejemplo, los ingresos, el capital humano y la edad. Nuestras conclusiones indican que los factores basados en el lugar, en especial la belleza y el aspecto físico del lugar actual y la posibilidad de reunirse con gente y hacer amigos, explican mejor el deseo de afincarse que las condiciones económicas de la comunidad o las características demográficas individuales.

Suggested Citation

  • Charlotta Mellander & Richard Florida & Kevin Stolarick, 2011. "Here to Stay—The Effects of Community Satisfaction on the Decision to Stay," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(1), pages 5-24.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:6:y:2011:i:1:p:5-24
    DOI: 10.1080/17421772.2010.540031
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. repec:spr:anresc:v:59:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s00168-016-0777-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:taf:eurpls:v:24:y:2016:i:9:p:1684-1708 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Rod McCrea & Andrea Walton & Rosemary Leonard, 2016. "Developing a Model of Community Wellbeing and Resilience in Response to Change," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 129(1), pages 195-214, October.
    5. Sonali Shah & Emily Pahnke, 2014. "Parting the ivory curtain: understanding how universities support a diverse set of startups," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 39(5), pages 780-792, October.
    6. Kidd, Michael P. & O'Leary, Nigel & Sloane, Peter, 2017. "The impact of mobility on early career earnings: A quantile regression approach for UK graduates," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 90-102.
    7. Rickardsson, Jonna & Mellander, Charlotta, 2017. "Absolute vs Relative Income and Life Satisfaction," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 451, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    8. repec:spr:anresc:v:59:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s00168-017-0845-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:spr:anresc:v:59:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s00168-016-0765-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:bla:ausecr:v:50:y:2017:i:4:p:412-426 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Maria Helena Guimarães & Luis Catela Nunes & Ana Paula Barreira & Thomas Panagopoulos, 2016. "What makes people stay in or leave shrinking cities? An empirical study from Portugal," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(9), pages 1684-1708, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Community satisfaction; migration; mover; stayer; R23; Z1;

    JEL classification:

    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics

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