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Simulating the Economic and Fiscal Impacts of High- and Low-Income Elderly on a Small Rural Region


  • Martin Shields

    (Pennsylvania State University)

  • Judith I. Stallmann

    (Texas A&M)

  • Steven C. Deller

    (University of Wisconsin-Madison)


We assess the impact of an aging rural population using the Wisconsin Economic Impact Modeling System, a county-level conjoined input-output/ econometrics simulation model. Using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Consumer Expenditure Survey, we construct profiles of two household types to simulate the economic and fiscal impacts of 500 additional elderly households in a small rural economy. Household types vary by income levels and expenditure patterns. The results suggest that, from the perspective of local government officials, high-income elderly households will increase local expenditures more than a similar number of low-income retiree households, but the resulting increase in revenues will more than offset the increased expenditures.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Shields & Judith I. Stallmann & Steven C. Deller, 1999. "Simulating the Economic and Fiscal Impacts of High- and Low-Income Elderly on a Small Rural Region," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 29(2), pages 175-196, Fall.
  • Handle: RePEc:rre:publsh:v:29:y:1999:i:2:p:175-196

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Steven C. Deller, 1995. "Economic Impact of Retirement Migration," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 9(1), pages 25-38, February.
    2. Judith I. Stallmann & Paul B. Siegel, 1995. "Attracting Retirees as an Economic Development Strategy: Looking into the Future," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 9(4), pages 372-382, November.
    3. Siegel, Paul B. & Leuthold, Frank O., 1993. "Economic And Fiscal Impacts Of A Retirement/Recreation Community: A Study Of Tellico Village, Tennessee," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 0(Number 2), pages 1-14, December.
    4. P Coomes & D Olson & D Glennon, 1991. "The interindustry employment demand variable: an extension of the I-SAMIS technique for linking input - output and econometric models," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 23(7), pages 1063-1068, July.
    5. Mark Fagan & Charles F. Longino Jr., 1993. "Migrating Retirees: A Source for Economic Development," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 7(1), pages 98-106, February.
    6. P Coomes & D Olson & D Glennon, 1991. "The Interindustry Employment Demand Variable: An Extension of the I-SAMIS Technique for Linking Input—Output and Econometric Models," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 23(7), pages 1063-1068, July.
    7. Richard S. Conway Jr., 1990. "The Washington Projection and Simulation Model: A Regional Interindustry Econometric Model," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 13(1-2), pages 141-165, April.
    8. Siegel, Paul B. & Leuthold, Frank O., 1993. "Economic and Fiscal Impacts of a Retirement/Recreation Community: A Study of Tellico Village, Tennessee," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(02), pages 134-147, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Maureen Kilkenny, 2010. "Urban/Regional Economics And Rural Development," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(1), pages 449-470.
    2. Lambert, D. M. & Clark, C. D. & Wilcox, M. D. & Park, W. M., 2007. "Do Migrating Seniors Affect Business Establishment and Job Growth? An Empirical Look at Southeastern Nonmetropolitan Counties, 2000-2004," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 37(2), pages 251-278.
    3. Vollet, Dominique & Roussel, Veronique & Callois, Jean-Marc, 2005. "Impact of Retirees on Rural Development: Some Observations from the South of France," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 0(Issue 2), pages 1-15.

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