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The Influence of Education on Subjective Underemployment: Research on Multinational Corporations in Romania


  • Vlad I. RO?CA

    () (Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania)

  • Oana-Lorena ?EPOSU


The purpose of this research was to investigate what effects demographics, in general, and education, in particular (independent variables x), had on the subjective underemployment (dependent variable y) of corporate employees in Romania. A Likert Scale survey questionnaire was administered to 110 employees of multinational businesses operating in Romania during February and May 2018, asking respondents to assess to what extent they felt they were underemployed. Answers were then correlated with the demographic regressors. Perceptions of underemployment were influenced by education (p = 0.006), though not by other variables such as age or marital status. Results invalidate the Null Hypothesis and reveal that subjective underemployment is being manifested on the Romanian corporate labour market, touching base with previous researches in the area, showing that the higher the level education, the greater the chances of perceived underemployment to occur. At the same time, the research addresses ways to combat underemployment, such as increasing self-esteem levels, re-designing the educational system or life-long learning.

Suggested Citation

  • Vlad I. RO?CA & Oana-Lorena ?EPOSU, 2018. "The Influence of Education on Subjective Underemployment: Research on Multinational Corporations in Romania," REVISTA DE MANAGEMENT COMPARAT INTERNATIONAL/REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE MANAGEMENT, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 19(4), pages 328-340, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:rom:rmcimn:v:19:y:2018:i:4:p:328-340
    DOI: 10.24818/RMCI.2018.4.328

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    More about this item


    underemployment; labour policies; recruitment; human resources management; demographic economics; job satisfaction.;

    JEL classification:

    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility
    • M53 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Training
    • M54 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Labor Management


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