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Effects of Organizational Characteristics Factors on the Implementation of Strategic Human Resource Practices: Evidence from Malaysian Manufacturing Firms


  • Hazril Izwar IBRAHIM

    () (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)

  • Khairul Anuar Mohammad SHAH

    () (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)


The article investigates how organizational characteristics variables, such as firms’ country of origin, firms’ age and firms’ size, influence the implementation of strategic human resource (SHRM) practices in organizations. The article contributes towards understanding whether there are similarities in the adoption of SHRM practices between firms according to the abovementioned characteristics. A total of one hundred and twenty-one (121) manufacturing firms in the electrical and electronic sector in Malaysia participated in this study. The study discovers that firms in this sector practices average to high level of SHRM practices. Finally, among the three organizational context variables, only firm size showed significant difference in firms’ decision to adopt SHRM practices.

Suggested Citation

  • Hazril Izwar IBRAHIM & Khairul Anuar Mohammad SHAH, 2013. "Effects of Organizational Characteristics Factors on the Implementation of Strategic Human Resource Practices: Evidence from Malaysian Manufacturing Firms," Economia. Seria Management, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 16(1), pages 5-24, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:rom:econmn:v:16:y:2013:i:1:p:5-24

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ingrid Verheul, 2003. "Commitment or control?," Scales Research Reports N200306, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    2. Hiltrop, Jean-Marie, 1996. "The impact of human resource management on organisational performance: Theory and research," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 14(6), pages 628-637, December.
    3. Phillip M Rosenzweig & Nitin Nohria, 1994. "Influences on Human Resource Management Practices in Multinational Corporations," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 25(2), pages 229-251, June.
    4. Bae, Johngseok & Rowley, Chris, 2001. "The impact of globalization on HRM: the case of South Korea," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 402-428, January.
    5. Rita Campos e Cunha & Miguel Pina e Cunha & Antonio Morgado & Chris Brewster, 2002. "Market forces, strategic management, HRM practices and organizational performance, a model based in European sample," FEUNL Working Paper Series wp415, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia.
    6. Thurley, Keith & Wirdenius, Hans, 1991. "Will management become 'European'? : Strategic choice for organizations," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 127-134, June.
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    More about this item


    Strategic HRM practices; country of origin; firm age; firm size.;

    JEL classification:

    • M16 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - International Business Administration
    • M50 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - General


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