IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Elite Consensus and Regional Economic Development: The Experience of the Republic of Tatarstan
[Элитный Консенсус И Экономическое Развитие Региона: Опыт Республики Татарстан]


  • Yakovlev, Andrey A. (Яковлев, Андрей А.)

    (National Research University Higher School of Economics)

  • Freinkman, Lev M. (Фрейнкман, Лев М.)

    (National Research University Higher School of Economics)

  • Makarov, Sergey A. (Макаров, Сергей А.)

    (National Research University Higher School of Economics)

  • Pogodaev, Victor S. (Погодаев, Виктор С.)

    (National Research University Higher School of Economics)


In the context of Russia’s need to make a transition towards a new developmental model and in light of the international experience suggesting that advanced regions within large economies could become the primary drivers of national growth, this article analyzes the developmental model that has been shaping up in the Republic of Tatarstan (the RT). In Russia, since the mid?2000s, this model has been considered as an example of best practice. We identify the main characteristics and stages in the evolution of the RT developmental model, as well as highlight its strengths and limitations using the SWOT-analysis technique. It is noted that a ”special” investment climate has formed in the region, featuring predictable government policies, lower costs and risks of doing business, and informal guarantees for entrepreneurs willing to invest in the RT’s priority projects. The article points out that consolidation of interests of major regional elite groups, their consensus regarding the priorities for regional development and the associated policy instruments have been important comparative advantages of Tatarstan. The prospects for formation in the RT of a catching-up developmental model similar to ones in the successful countries of Southeast Asia will depend upon the extent to which the current Tatarstan’s elite could find a consolidated response to the new challenges confronting the RT recently, as well as the degree of soundness of the federal policy with respect to the more developed regions. The main obstacles to development include the current closed ownership structure of core assets, limiting possibilities of market entry for new players, and lower average wages prejudging the outflow of skilled personnel from the RT. In the environment of tightening regional competition for federal resources Tatarstan would have to make additional efforts in order to strengthen its competitive position in the eyes of the Federal Government. In this regard, expanding cooperation with the neighboring regions looks like an attractive policy option for the RT.

Suggested Citation

  • Yakovlev, Andrey A. (Яковлев, Андрей А.) & Freinkman, Lev M. (Фрейнкман, Лев М.) & Makarov, Sergey A. (Макаров, Сергей А.) & Pogodaev, Victor S. (Погодаев, Виктор С.), 2018. "The Elite Consensus and Regional Economic Development: The Experience of the Republic of Tatarstan
    [Элитный Консенсус И Экономическое Развитие Региона: Опыт Республики Татарстан]
    ," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 1, pages 180-217, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:rnp:ecopol:ep1807

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Putterman, Louis, 1997. "On the past and future of china's township and village-owned enterprises," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(10), pages 1639-1655, October.
    2. Weitzman Martin L. & Xu Chenggang, 1994. "Chinese Township-Village Enterprises as Vaguely Defined Cooperatives," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 121-145, April.
    3. Michael Rochlitz, 2016. "Collective Action Abroad: How Foreign Investors Organize Evidence from Foreign Business Associations In the Russian Federation," HSE Working papers WP BRP 32/PS/2016, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    4. Michael Kopsidis, 2000. "Disintegration of Russian Grain Markets in Transition: Political and Economic Dimensions," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 47-60.
    5. L. Freinkman & A. Yakovlev., 2014. "Agency for Strategic Initiatives as a New Type of Development Institution," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 6.
    6. repec:taf:ceasxx:v:64:y:2012:i:3:p:597-620 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. A. Baranov & E. Malkov & L. Polishchuk & M. Rochlitz & G. Syunyaev., 2015. "Measuring Institutions in?Russian Regions: Methodology, Sources of Data, Analysis," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 2.
    8. Alice H. Amsden & Wan-wen Chu, 2003. "Beyond Late Development: Taiwan's Upgrading Policies," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011980, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    elite consolidation; regional development; catching-up developmental model; Tatarstan; Russia.;

    JEL classification:

    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • P25 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics
    • P35 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Public Finance
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rnp:ecopol:ep1807. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (RANEPA maintainer). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.