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Transformacja ekonomiczna i polityczna na Tajwanie

Listed author(s):
  • Tomasz Legiędź
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    Głównym celem artykułu jest poszukiwanie wyjaśnienia, w jaki sposób na Tajwanie udało się stworzyć sprzyjający rozwojowi gospodarczemu ład instytucjonalny. W artykule zanalizowano proces przemian instytucjonalnych na Tajwanie za pomocą koncepcji teoretycznej D.C. Northa, J.J. Wallisa, S.B. Webb oraz B.R. Weingasta. Dokonana analiza umożliwiła pozytywną weryfikacje hipotezy badawczej, że istotnym czynnikiem determinującym politykę gospodarczą Tajwanu było zagrożenie ze strony Chińskiej Republiki Ludowej. Zagrożenie wywierało ciągłą presję na elity, dlatego były one zmuszone kooperować, a ich działanie stało się w większym stopniu przewidywalne. Właśnie dlatego autorytarny rząd na Tajwanie był w stanie stworzyć instytucjonalne fundamenty korzystne dla rozwoju gospodarczego, a korzyści płynące z szybkiego tempa wzrostu gospodarczego trafiały w miarę równomiernie do całego społeczeństwa. Nietypowe warunki, w jakich przeprowadzano reformy polityczne i gospodarcze na Tajwanie sprawiają, że udane skopiowanie modelu rozwojowego Tajwanu w innych krajach, zarówno słabo, jak i średnio rozwiniętych wydaje się mało prawdopodobne.

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    File URL: http://gospodarkanarodowa.sgh.waw.pl/p/gospodarka_narodowa_2016_06_06.pdf
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    Article provided by Warsaw School of Economics in its journal Gospodarka Narodowa.

    Volume (Year): (2016)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 115-135

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    Handle: RePEc:sgh:gosnar:y:2016:i:6:p:115-135
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    1. Robert C. Feenstra & Robert Inklaar & Marcel P. Timmer, 2015. "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 105(10), pages 3150-3182, October.
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    5. North, Douglass C. & Wallis, John Joseph & Webb, Steven B. & Weingast, Barry R., 2007. "Limited access orders in the developing world :a new approach to the problems of development," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4359, The World Bank.
    6. Tun-Jen Cheng & Stephan Haggard & David Kang, 1998. "Institutions and growth in Korea and Taiwan: The bureaucracy," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(6), pages 87-111.
    7. Justin Yifu Lin, 2012. "New Structural Economics : A Framework for Rethinking Development and Policy," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2232, October.
    8. Jinn-Yuh Hsu & Lu-Lin Cheng, 2002. "Revisiting Economic Development in Post-war Taiwan: The Dynamic Process of Geographical Industrialization," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(8), pages 897-908.
    9. Alice H. Amsden & Wan-wen Chu, 2003. "Beyond Late Development: Taiwan's Upgrading Policies," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011980, July.
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