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Fiscal Theory of Price Level: A Panel Data Analysis for selected Saarc Countries

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  • Nawaz, Muhammad

    () (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan.)

  • Iqbal, Muhammad Mazhar

    (School of Economics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.)

  • Ali, Amanat

    (School of Economics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.)

  • Zaman, Khalid

    (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan.)

Abstract

I compare the two alternative paradigms of business cycles for the case of the Romanian eThis paper examines the validity of fiscal theory of price level in the five selected SAARC countries, namely Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka by using panel data analysis for the period 1990-2009. Specification tests, i.e. F-test and Hausman test indicate that the fixed effect model can be considered as the best model to examine the relationship between budget deficit and price level. Empirical findings also show that budget deficit is significant and negatively related with the price level in pooled least square, while fixed and random effect model explain that the budget deficit has no role in explaining the given scenario. The GDP per capita is positively and highly significant in all of the models, while openness is explaining its role in reducing the price level in the specified set of countries. The additional robustness tests are also performed to test the validity of results of the model. After removing the variable, i.e. GDPPC from the fixed effect model, the budget deficit (BD) significantly impacts on the SAARC price level. Our findings substantiate that fiscal theory of price level is not valid in the selected SAARC countries. This study opens new dimensions for policy planners, government agencies, NGO’s and other donor agencies working in the SAARC region.

Suggested Citation

  • Nawaz, Muhammad & Iqbal, Muhammad Mazhar & Ali, Amanat & Zaman, Khalid, 2012. "Fiscal Theory of Price Level: A Panel Data Analysis for selected Saarc Countries," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(3), pages 152-170, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:rjr:romjef:v::y:2012:i:3:p:152-170
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jalil, Abdul & Tariq, Rabbia & Bibi, Nazia, 2014. "Fiscal deficit and inflation: New evidences from Pakistan using a bounds testing approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 120-126.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    budget deficit; price level; trade openness; gross domestic product per capita; panel data; SAARC countries;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H62 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Deficit; Surplus

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