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Does First Last? The Existence and Extent of First Mover Advantages on Spatial Networks

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  • Levinson, David

    () (University of Minnesota)

  • Xie, Feng

    () (Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments)

Abstract

This paper examines the nature of first mover advantages in the deployment of spatially-differentiated surface transport networks. The literature on first mover advantages identifies a number of sources that explain their existence. However whether those sources exist in spatial networks, and how they play out with true capital immobility have been unanswered questions. By examining the empirical examples of commuter rail and the Underground in London, first mover advantage was observed and its sources explored. A model of network diffusion was then constructed to replicate the growth of surface transport networks, which enables first mover advantage to be analyzed in a controlled environment. Simulation experiments are conducted and Spearman rank correlation tests revealed that first mover advantages can exist in a surface transport network and become increasingly prominent as the network expands. In addition, the analysis discloses that the extent of first mover advantages may relate to the initial land use distribution and network redundancy. The sensitivity of simulation results to model parameters are also examined.

Suggested Citation

  • Levinson, David & Xie, Feng, 2011. "Does First Last? The Existence and Extent of First Mover Advantages on Spatial Networks," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 4(2), pages 47-69.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:jtralu:0064
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. David Levinson & Bhanu Yerra, 2006. "Self-Organization of Surface Transportation Networks," Transportation Science, INFORMS, pages 179-188.
    2. repec:brs:ecchap:06 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Feng Xie & David Levinson, 2007. "The Weakest Link: A Model of the Decline of Surface Transportation Networks," Working Papers 200803, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
    4. Fujita , Masahisa & Krugman, Paul, 2004. "The new economic geography: Past, present and the future," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, AsociaciĆ³n EspaƱola de Ciencia Regional, issue 4, pages 177-206.
    5. Bhanu Yerra & David Levinson, 2005. "The emergence of hierarchy in transportation networks," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, pages 541-553.
    6. Alex Anas, 2004. "Vanishing cities: what does the new economic geography imply about the efficiency of urbanization?," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(2), pages 181-199, April.
    7. Feng Xie & David Levinson, 2009. "Governance choice on a serial network," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 141(1), pages 189-212, October.
    8. Levinson, David & El-Geneidy, Ahmed, 2009. "The minimum circuity frontier and the journey to work," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 732-738, November.
    9. Paul Krugman, 1992. "Geography and Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262610868, January.
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    11. Feng Xie & David Levinson, 2009. "Modeling the Growth of Transportation Networks: A Comprehensive Review," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 291-307, September.
    12. Mueller, Dennis C., 1997. "First-mover advantages and path dependence," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 827-850, October.
    13. Feng Xie & David Levinson, 2009. "Jurisdictional Control and Network Growth," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 459-483, September.
    14. Larry J. Leblanc, 1975. "An Algorithm for the Discrete Network Design Problem," Transportation Science, INFORMS, vol. 9(3), pages 183-199, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Levinson, David, 2011. "The Coevolution of Transport and Land Use: An Introduction to the Special Issue and an Outline of a Research Agenda," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 4(2), pages 1-3.
    2. C. Jacobs-Crisioni & C. C. Koopmans, 2016. "Transport link scanner: simulating geographic transport network expansion through individual investments," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 18(3), pages 265-301, July.
    3. Aura Reggiani, 2012. "Accessibility, connectivity and resilience in complex networks," Chapters,in: Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning, chapter 2, pages 15-36 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    First mover advantage; Transport; Land use; Network growth;

    JEL classification:

    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General

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