IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Les causes structurelles du chômage actuel


  • Tremblay, Rodrigue

    (Université de Montréal)


Rodrigue Tremblay rejected the notion that current unemployment is due to a global demand deficiency which can be corrected by budgetary expansion. The dangerous explosion of the public debt forbids recourse to this solution. He explained the growth in unemployment over the past 20 years in terms of the interaction between increased micro-economic rigidities—demography regulation, fiscality, social programs, union concentration, the artificial growth of the protected sector of the economy etc.—and new macro-economic rigidities which have raised the real interest rate—the death of Bretton Woods, international debts, American monetary contraction etc. Only a sustained attack on structural rigidities and the moderation of unit, labour costs can in his opinion, bring about a decrease in unemployment. Rodrigue Tremblay rejette la notion que le chômage actuel soit dû à une déficience de la demande globale rectifiable par une expansion budgétaire. La dangereuse explosion de l’endettement public interdit le recours à cette solution. Il explique la montée du chômage depuis vingt ans par l’interaction entre des rigidités micro-économiques accrues — démographie, règlements, fiscalité, programmes sociaux, cartellisation syndicale, gonflement artificiel du secteur abrité de l’économie, etc. — et les rigidités macroéconomiques nouvelles qui auraient soulevé le taux d’intérêt réel — mort de Bretton Woods, endettement international, contraction monétaire américaine. Seule une lutte soutenue contre ces rigidités structurelles et la modération des coûts unitaires de main-d’oeuvre peuvent, à son avis, amener une baisse du chômage.

Suggested Citation

  • Tremblay, Rodrigue, 1984. "Les causes structurelles du chômage actuel," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 60(4), pages 430-439, décembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:60:y:1984:i:4:p:430-439

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Malinvaud, Edmond, 1982. "Wages and Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(365), pages 1-12, March.
    2. Tremblay, Rodrigue, 1983. "L’endettement international et les problèmes d’ajustement : une perspective générale," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 59(2), pages 283-324, juin.
    3. Joseph Schaafsma & William D. Walsh, 1983. "Employment and Labour Supply Effects of the Minimum Wage: Some Pooled Time-Series Estimates from Canadian Provincial Data," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 16(1), pages 86-97, February.
    4. Lilien, David M, 1982. "Sectoral Shifts and Cyclical Unemployment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(4), pages 777-793, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Grady, Patrick, 1986. "Background Paper on Full Employment," MPRA Paper 26328, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:60:y:1984:i:4:p:430-439. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bruce Shearer). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.