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Les causes structurelles du chômage actuel

  • Tremblay, Rodrigue

    (Université de Montréal)

Rodrigue Tremblay rejected the notion that current unemployment is due to a global demand deficiency which can be corrected by budgetary expansion. The dangerous explosion of the public debt forbids recourse to this solution. He explained the growth in unemployment over the past 20 years in terms of the interaction between increased micro-economic rigidities—demography regulation, fiscality, social programs, union concentration, the artificial growth of the protected sector of the economy etc.—and new macro-economic rigidities which have raised the real interest rate—the death of Bretton Woods, international debts, American monetary contraction etc. Only a sustained attack on structural rigidities and the moderation of unit, labour costs can in his opinion, bring about a decrease in unemployment. Rodrigue Tremblay rejette la notion que le chômage actuel soit dû à une déficience de la demande globale rectifiable par une expansion budgétaire. La dangereuse explosion de l’endettement public interdit le recours à cette solution. Il explique la montée du chômage depuis vingt ans par l’interaction entre des rigidités micro-économiques accrues — démographie, règlements, fiscalité, programmes sociaux, cartellisation syndicale, gonflement artificiel du secteur abrité de l’économie, etc. — et les rigidités macroéconomiques nouvelles qui auraient soulevé le taux d’intérêt réel — mort de Bretton Woods, endettement international, contraction monétaire américaine. Seule une lutte soutenue contre ces rigidités structurelles et la modération des coûts unitaires de main-d’oeuvre peuvent, à son avis, amener une baisse du chômage.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 60 (1984)
Issue (Month): 4 (décembre)
Pages: 430-439

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:60:y:1984:i:4:p:430-439
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  1. Tremblay, R., 1983. "L'endettement International et les Problemes D'ajustement: une Perspective Generale," Cahiers de recherche 8301, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  2. Lilien, David M, 1982. "Sectoral Shifts and Cyclical Unemployment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(4), pages 777-93, August.
  3. Joseph Schaafsma & William D. Walsh, 1983. "Employment and Labour Supply Effects of the Minimum Wage: Some Pooled Time-Series Estimates from Canadian Provincial Data," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 16(1), pages 86-97, February.
  4. Malinvaud, Edmond, 1982. "Wages and Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(365), pages 1-12, March.
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