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Causas y consecuencias de la informalidad en el Perú

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  • Loayza, Norman

Abstract

Partiendo de una definición legal de informalidad, el presente trabajo estudia las causas de este fenómeno en general, concentrándose en particular en el análisis de la informalidad en el caso peruano. Primero ofrece una discusión de la definición de informalidad y de las mediciones de ésta, señalando además las razones por las cuales la informalidad generalizada debiera ser motivo de gran preocupación. Luego analiza los determinantes principales de la informalidad y plantea que ésta no tiene una causa única, sino que es producto de la combinación de servicios públicos deficientes, de un régimen normativo opresivo y de la débil capacidad de supervisión y ejecución del estado. Dicha combinación resulta especialmente explosiva cuando el país se caracteriza por tener bajos niveles educativos, fuertes presiones demográficas y estructuras productivas primarias. Finalmente, utilizando un análisis de regresión transversal entre países, se evalúa la relevancia empírica de cada uno de los determinantes de la informalidad, aplicando luego las relaciones estimadas al caso peruano para evaluar la relevancia que tendría cada uno de los mecanismos propuestos en cada país específico. Clasificación JEL: K20, K30, H11, O17, O40.

Suggested Citation

  • Loayza, Norman, 2008. "Causas y consecuencias de la informalidad en el Perú," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 15, pages 43-64.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-15-03
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    File URL: http://www.bcrp.gob.pe/docs/Publicaciones/Revista-Estudios-Economicos/15/Estudios-Economicos-15-3.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Maloney, William F., 2004. "Informality Revisited," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1159-1178, July.
    2. Loayza, Norman V., 1996. "The economics of the informal sector: a simple model and some empirical evidence from Latin America," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 129-162, December.
    3. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2001. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 541-563, July.
    4. Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
    5. Loayza, Norman V. & Rigolini, Jamele, 2006. "Informality trends and cycles," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4078, The World Bank.
    6. Klarita Gërxhani, 2004. "The Informal Sector in Developed and Less Developed Countries: A Literature Survey," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 120(3_4), pages 267-300, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Nikita Céspedes Reynaga, 2015. "Crecer no es Suficiente para Reducir la Informalidad," Working Papers 2015-55, Peruvian Economic Association.
    2. Veronica Baz & Maria Cristina Capelo & Rodrigo Centeno & Ricardo Estrada, 2010. "Productive Development Policies in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Case of Mexico," Research Department Publications 4693, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. Santos-Pérez, Rubén, 2016. "Estimación de la economía informal para México mediante un método monetario, 1970-2012," eseconomía, Escuela Superior de Economía, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, vol. 11(45), pages 71-103, Segundo s.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • K20 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - General
    • K30 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - General
    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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