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New competitive strategies of foreign banks in large emerging economies: the case of Brazil

Author

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  • Fernando J. Cardim de Carvalho

    (FederaI University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

Abstract

Financial relations have been deeply transformed in the 1980s and 1990s by deregulation and liberalization. Among the most affected by these changes has been the banking system. Domestic banks have generally lost the implicit protection given by regulatory barriers to entry. Until very recently, in most of the world, foreign banks had their range of operations limited by both regulatory and market factors in developed and developing countries alike. This has radically changed in the 1990s. Foreign banks previously content to hold marginal positions in domestic emerging markets started to pursue aggressive strategies of expansion. Competition among banks operating domestically is being intensified as a result, particularly in emerging economies large enough to support entry of new banking firms. We examine the case of Brazil, where, following the semi-crisis of 1995, a significant number of banks set up subsidiaries fighting for increasing market shares of the domestic market. The paper shows the was these banks chose to enter the market and explores the perspectives for the domestic banking sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Fernando J. Cardim de Carvalho, 2000. "New competitive strategies of foreign banks in large emerging economies: the case of Brazil," BNL Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 53(213), pages 135-169.
  • Handle: RePEc:psl:bnlaqr:2000:22
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    File URL: http://ojs.uniroma1.it/index.php/PSLQuarterlyReview/article/view/10349/10254
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Loretta J. Mester, 1987. "Efficient production of financial services: scale and scope economies," Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, issue Jan, pages 15-25.
    2. Peek, Joe & Rosengren, Eric S. & Kasirye, Faith, 1999. "The poor performance of foreign bank subsidiaries: Were the problems acquired or created?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(2-4), pages 579-604, February.
    3. F.J. Cardim De Carvalho, 1998. "The real stabilisation plan and the banking sector in Brazil," BNL Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 51(206), pages 291-326.
    4. de Carvalho, Fernando J Cardim, 1993. "Strato-inflation and High Inflation: The Brazilian Experience," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(1), pages 63-78, March.
    5. Aruna Srinivasan, 1992. "Are there cost savings from bank mergers?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Mar, pages 17-28.
    6. P. Honohan, 2000. "Banking System Failures in Developing and Transition Countries: Diagnosis and Prediction," Economic Notes, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, vol. 29(1), pages 83-109, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. R.T.A. de Haas & I. van Lelyveld, 2002. "Foreign Bank Penetration and Bank Credit Stability in Central and Eastern Europe," Research Series Supervision (discontinued) 43, Netherlands Central Bank, Directorate Supervision.
    2. R. T.A. de Haas & I. P.P van Lelyveld, 2004. "Foreign Bank Penetration and Private Sector Credit in Central and Eastern Europe," Journal of Emerging Market Finance, Institute for Financial Management and Research, vol. 3(2), pages 125-151, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    banks; strategies; Brazil; Banking; Developing Countries;

    JEL classification:

    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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