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Croissance régionale, appartenance nationale et fonds structurels européens. Un bilan d'étape

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  • Jacky Fayolle
  • Anne Lecuyer

Abstract

[fre] Cet article apporte sa contribution au débat sur le mouvement de la géographie économique européenne au travers de la mesure des performances comparées de croissance entre les régions de l'Union sur la période 1986-1996. Il examine la dépendance de ces performances à l'égard de l'appartenance nationale des régions et de leur accès aux fonds structurels européens. Il montre ainsi que la capacité d'une région retardataire à résorber ce retard de développement est certes positivement influencée par l'accès aux fonds structurels mais qu'elle est fortement conditionnée par l'appartenance nationale. Non seulement les performances d'un pays retentissent sur le sort de ses régions, mais le caractère équilibré ou inégal du développement régional est très variable d'un pays à l'autre de l'Union. L'échelon national corrige difficilement l'inégalité du développement régional, qui relève de la confrontation entre la logique nationale de ce dernier et la dynamique plus globale de la géographie européenne. Ce constat plaide pour des politiques territoriales européennes qui marient plus audacieusement intégration et décentralisation. [eng] Regional growth, national membership and European structural funds : an empirical appraisal. Jacky Fayolle and Anne Lecuyer. This article contributes to the debate on the evolution of the European economie geography. It compares the growth performances of the EU regions between the years 1986 and 1996. It studies the dependence of these performances on the regions' national membership and on the access to the structural funds. The ability of a backward region to catching up is positively influenced by that access, but it is also strongly conditioned by national membership. Not only the national performances influence the regional ones, but also the balanced or unequal character of the regional development is very variable from one country to the other. The national level corrects the inequality of regional development with difficulties, as this development results from interaction between national logic and global European dynamics. This fact pleads for territorial European policies at once better integrated and decentralised.. JEL codes : O 11, R 11

Suggested Citation

  • Jacky Fayolle & Anne Lecuyer, 2000. "Croissance régionale, appartenance nationale et fonds structurels européens. Un bilan d'étape," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 73(1), pages 165-196.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_2000_num_73_1_1591
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.2000.1591
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jan Fagerberg & Bart Verspagen, 1996. "Heading for Divergence? Regional Growth in Europe Reconsidered," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(3), pages 431-448, September.
    2. Megir, Costas & Quah, Danny, 1995. "Regional convergence clusters across Europe," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2188, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Steven N. Durlauf & Paul A. Johnson, 1992. "Local Versus Global Convergence Across National Economies," NBER Working Papers 3996, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Catherine Fuss, 1999. "Mesures et tests de convergence : une revue de la littérature," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 69(1), pages 221-249.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dogaru Dorin-Madalin, 2015. "The Impact Of Structural Funds In Central And Eastern European Countries," Annals of University of Craiova - Economic Sciences Series, University of Craiova, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 2(43), pages 293-305.
    2. Jacques Le Cacheux, 2004. "Negotiating the medium-term financial perspectives for the enlarged EU: The future of the European budget," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 91(5), pages 175-189.

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