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Commerce et IDE dans un cadre de régionalisation. Le cas du Mercosur

  • Marta Castilho
  • Soledad Zignago

[fre] Depuis le début de la décennie, les pays du Mercosur ont connu une forte croissance des échanges et des investissements directs étrangers (IDE). Nous examinons les liens entre les IDE, le commerce et l'intégration régionale dans le cadre de la formation du Mercosur, à l'aide d'équations gravitationnelles. Nos estimations prennent en considération le processus d'intégration régionale et portent sur les flux d'échanges et d'IDE entre les pays du Mercosur et ceux de l'OCDE sur la période 1985-1997. Nos résultats indiquent une relation clairement positive entre les IDE et les échanges. Ils ne sont toutefois pas concluants en ce qui concerne l'influence de l'intégration régionale comme facteur explicatif de la croissance des IDE. [eng] Trade, FDI and regional integration in the Mercosur. . In the 90's, the Mercosur countries experienced a strong growth of trade and foreign direct investment (FDI). To examine the relationship between FDI, trade and regional integration in the Mercosur, we test two gravitational equations on trade and FDI flows between Mercosur and OECD members during the period 1985-1997, which take into account the regional integration agreement. Our results show a positive link between FDI and trade flows but are mitigated on the impact of the economic integration on FDI.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 51 (2000)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 761-774

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_3_410553
Note: DOI:10.2307/3503162
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  1. Magnus Blomstrom & Ari Kokko, 1997. "Regional Integration and Foreign Direct Investment," NBER Working Papers 6019, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. María Inés Terra & Marcel Vaillant, 1998. "Política comercial y política de infraestructura: un ejercicio de simulación de los impactos regionales en el MERCOSUR," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0797, Department of Economics - dECON.
  3. Massimo Motta & George Norman, 1993. "Does economic integration cause foreign direct investment?," Economics Working Papers 28, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  4. Antoine Bouët, 2000. "La mesure des protections commerciales nationales," Working Papers 2000-15, CEPII research center.
  5. María Inés Terra & Adriana Gigliotti, 1994. "Mercosur: localización de la producción. Un modelo de geografía económica," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0794, Department of Economics - dECON.
  6. Norman, George & Motta, Massimo, 1993. "Eastern European Economic Integration and Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(4), pages 483-507, Winter.
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