IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ude/wpaper/0794.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Mercosur: localización de la producción. Un modelo de geografía económica

Author

Listed:
  • María Inés Terra
  • Adriana Gigliotti

Abstract

El MERCOSUR acuerda la eliminación de barreras al comercio entre países fronterizos que presentan una gran asimetría en su dimensión geográfica y económica y que se ubican a gran distancia de los centros económicos mundiales. A partir de variaciones sobre un modelo de equilibrio general estilizado se examinan posibles impactos de la conformación de un mercado común sobre la localización geográfica de la producción simulando distintos escenarios de apertura en un mundo formado por países y regiones naturales. Se trabaja con un modelo de competencia monopolística con economías de escala, diferenciación de productos y costos de transporte aplicado a un mundo en que existen dos sectores productivos, un único factor, tres países y cinco regiones naturales. La presencia de economías de escala y barreras al movimiento de bienes provocaría un "efecto-aglomeración" en torno a los mercados de mayor tamaño relativo provocando una especialización de las regiones menores en sectores sin economías de escala. Sin embargo, la trayectoria de especialización no es lineal. Su evolución y el equilibrio final con uno o varios centros industriales depende de la interacción entre el tamaño relativo de los mercados, los costos de transporte, los niveles de aranceles y el poder de mercado de las firmas.

Suggested Citation

  • María Inés Terra & Adriana Gigliotti, 1994. "Mercosur: localización de la producción. Un modelo de geografía económica," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0794, Department of Economics - dECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0794
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://decon.edu.uy/publica/1994/Doc0794.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kokko, Ari & Tansini, Ruben & Zejan, Mario, 1994. "Productivity Spillovers from FDI in the Uruguayan Manufacturing Sector," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 2, Stockholm School of Economics.
    2. Rosario Domingo & Héctor Pastori & Tabaré Vera, 1994. "Comportamiento estratégico de las empresas industriales frente a la apertura," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0494, Department of Economics - dECON.
    3. Alvaro Forteza, 1994. "On the Political Economy of the Welfare State," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0594, Department of Economics - dECON.
    4. María Inés Terra & Marcel Vaillant, 1994. "Cambios en el patrón de especialización regional. Viejas ventajas comparativas y nuevas economías de escala," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0894, Department of Economics - dECON.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Kokko, Ari & Tansini, Ruben & Zejan, Mario, 1994. "Productivity Spillovers from FDI in the Uruguayan Manufacturing Sector," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 2, Stockholm School of Economics.
    2. Marta Castilho & Soledad Zignago, 2000. "Commerce et IDE dans un cadre de régionalisation. Le cas du Mercosur," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(3), pages 761-774.
    3. Alvaro Forteza, 1994. "On the Political Economy of the Welfare State," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0594, Department of Economics - dECON.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0794. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Andrea Doneschi) or (Héctor Pastori). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/derauuy.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.