Política comercial y política de infraestructura: un ejercicio de simulación de los impactos regionales en el MERCOSUR
A major feature in Mercosur agreement is the presence of asymmetries among members, in terms of size as well as in development of regions involved. This is one key issue for the success of the process of integration. This paper analyses the regional impacts of trade policies, based on a general equilibrium model of economic geography adapted from Krugman (1996). The scope of the integrating process was analysed through three dimensions of the policy: tariffs remotion, reduction of boarder costs, and infra-structure policy. Based on this instruments eight scenarios were constructed, under different assumptions for factor mobility. The results from the experiments carried out show that the outcome of the integrating process is closely linked to the companion set of policies, that is, regional disparities can be attenuated or exacerbating by timing and intensity of different policy measures.
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