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Multilateral Trade Liberalisation, Foreign Direct Investment and the Volume of World Trade

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A paradox in international trade is that multilateral trade liberalisation has resulted in increases in both the volume of world trade and the amount of foreign direct investment (FDI). This note presents a Cournot duopoly model with two regions, each consisting of two countries, and with an inter-regional transport cost. It is shown that multilateral trade liberalisation may lead firms to switch from exporting to undertaking export-platform FDI when the interregional transport cost is high. Also, when the inter-regional transport cost is high, the switch to FDI leads to an increase in the volume of world trade in this industry.

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  • Collie, David R., 2010. "Multilateral Trade Liberalisation, Foreign Direct Investment and the Volume of World Trade," Cardiff Economics Working Papers E2010/4, Cardiff University, Cardiff Business School, Economics Section.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdf:wpaper:2010/4
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    1. Sena Kimm Gnangnon & Jean-François Brun, 2018. "Impact of Multilateral Trade Liberalization on Resource Revenue," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(4), pages 1-19, November.
    2. Andrzej Cieslik, 2016. "Exports Versus Fdi In Smith-Motta Framework," Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy, Institute of Economic Research, vol. 11(2), pages 189-218, June.
    3. Bala Ramasamy & Matthew Yeung, 2014. "Enter the dragon: Policies to attract Chinese investment," ARTNeT Working Papers 144, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
    4. Duarte Brito & Daniel Magueta, 2014. "Horizontal Mergers, Entry and International Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(5), pages 923-943, November.
    5. Niklas Becker & Andrzej Cieślik, 2020. "Determinants of German Direct Investment in CEE Countries," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(11), pages 1-17, November.
    6. Sèna Kimm Gnangnon, 2019. "Trade Policy Space and Production Diversification in Developed and Developing Countries," Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy (JICEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 10(02), pages 1-39, June.
    7. Charles Braymen & Yang-Ming Chang & Zijun Luo, 2016. "Tax Policies, Regional Trade Agreements and Foreign Direct Investment: A Welfare Analysis," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(2), pages 123-150, May.
    8. Sena Kimm Gnangnon, 2019. "Fiscal Space for Trade: How Could the International Trade Community Help?," Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy (JICEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 10(01), pages 1-42, February.
    9. Sèna Kimm Gnangnon, 2018. "Multilateral Trade Liberalisation and Financial Openness," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(3), pages 325-338, October.
    10. Sèna Kimm Gnangnon, 2020. "Trade Openness and Diversification of External Financial Flows for Development: An Empirical Analysis," South Asian Journal of Macroeconomics and Public Finance, , vol. 9(1), pages 22-57, June.
    11. Gnangnon, Sèna Kimm, 2021. "Effect of Multilateral Trade Liberalization on Services Export Diversification," EconStor Preprints 229152, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    12. Andrzej Cieślik, 2017. "Determinants of MNE Activity in Poland: The Case of Firms from EU-15," Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, Centre for Strategic and International Entrepreneurship at the Cracow University of Economics., vol. 5(1), pages 151-167.
    13. Giuseppe Francesco Gori & Luca Lambertini & Alessandro Tampieri, 2014. "Trade costs, FDI incentives, and the intensity of price competition," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 10(4), pages 371-385, December.
    14. Sèna Kimm Gnangnon & Harish Iyer, 2017. "Structural Economic Vulnerability, Trade Policy and FDI Inflows," Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy (JICEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 8(01), pages 1-35, February.
    15. Brun, Jean-François & Gnangnon, Sèna Kimm, 2017. "Does trade openness contribute to driving financing flows for development?," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2017-06, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    16. Sèna Kimm Gnangnon, 2017. "Multilateral Trade Liberalisation and Foreign Direct Investment Inflows," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(1), pages 66-84, February.
    17. Andrzej Cieślik, 2020. "Determinants of foreign direct investment from OECD countries in Poland," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 10(1), pages 9-25, March.
    18. Gnangnon, Sèna Kimm, 2018. "Effect of multilateral trade liberalization on foreign direct investment outflows amid structural economic vulnerability in developing countries," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 15-29.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade Liberalisation; Foreign Direct Investment; Cournot oligopoly;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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