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Intra-industry Trade and Investment under Oligopoly: The Role of Market Size

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  • Rowthorn, R E

Abstract

This paper examines the factors which influence intra-industry trade under oligopoly. It argues that major determinants are the size of markets and the height of trade barriers. If national markets are large and trade barriers high, intra-industry trade is replaced by cross-investment between countries, whereby firms serve the markets of their foreign rivals by investing abroad instead of exporting. This result is established formally using a simple two country, two firm game-theoretic model. The same model is also used to examine how barriers to trade influence prices and output. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of how economic growth affects the volume of intra-industry trade. Copyright 1992 by Royal Economic Society.

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  • Rowthorn, R E, 1992. "Intra-industry Trade and Investment under Oligopoly: The Role of Market Size," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(411), pages 402-414, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:102:y:1992:i:411:p:402-14
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