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Licenciements collectifs et délais de reprise d'emploi

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  • David N. Margolis

Abstract

[spa] Despidos colectivos y plazos de vuelta al empleo Un análisis de la duración del periodo de no empleo tras un despido colectivo debido al cierre de la empresa muestra que aquellos asalariados franceses que sufren ese despido vuelven a encontrar directamente un empleo con una probabilidad mayor que los que se han separado de su empleador por otros motivos. Del mismo modo, entre los que tienen un periodo sin empleo tras la separación, aquellos que han perdido su empleo en un despido colectivo vuelven a encontrar un empleo con mayor rapidez que los que lo han perdido por otros motivos: unos 13 meses sin empleo en un promedio contra unos 16 meses para los hombres que han perdido su empleo por otros motivos. Para las mujeres, sendas duraciones son de unos 16 meses y 20 meses. Los asalariados que tenían la mayor antiguedad en la empresa en el momento de la separación encuentran con menos facilidad otro empleo. En cambio, un alto nivel de formación favorece la busca de un nuevo empleo, sea cual sea el motivo de la separación. [eng] Mass Redundancies and the Time Taken to Return to Work An analysis of the time spent unemployed following mass redundancies when companies close shows that French employees made redundant in this way have a higher probability of finding a new job immediately than those who have left their employers for other reasons. Likewise, among the employees who are unemployed for a period following their departure, those axed in a mass redundancy find a new job more quickly than those who have lost their job for other reasons: 13 months unemployed on average as opposed to 16 months for men who have lost their job for other reasons. Among the women, these lengths are 16 months and 20 months respectively. Employees with the longest seniority in the company before their departure find it harder to find a new job. However, a high level of education makes it easier to find a new job regardless of the reason for the departure. [ger] Massenentlassungen und Dauer bis zur Wiederaufnahme einer Beschäftigung Laut einer Analyse der Dauer der Arbeitslosigkeit nach einer Massenentlassung wegen Schließung des Unternehmens ist die Wahrscheinlichkeit bei den hiervon betroffenen französischen Arbeitnehmern größer als bei diejenigen, die sich von ihrem Arbeitgeber aus anderen Gründen trennten, dass sie unmittelbar danach wieder eine Beschäftigung finden. Unter denjenigen, die nach ihrem Ausscheiden aus dem Unternehmen arbeitslos sind, finden außerdem diejenigen, die im Zuge einer Massenentlassung ihren Arbeitsplatz verloren, rascher eine neue Beschäftigung als diejenigen, die ihn aus anderen Gründen verloren: im Schnitt 13 Monate arbeitslos gegenüber 16 Monaten bei den Männern, die aus anderen Gründen entlassen wurden. Bei den Frauen betragen diese Fristen jeweils 16 Monate und 20 Monate. Die Arbeitnehmer, die zum Zeitpunkt ihrer Entlassung die längste Betriebszugehörigkeit aufweisen, finden nicht so leicht einen neue Stelle. Unabhängig vom Grund der Entlassung erleichtert dagegen ein hohes Ausbildungsniveau die Suche nach einer neuen Arbeit.

Suggested Citation

  • David N. Margolis, 2002. "Licenciements collectifs et délais de reprise d'emploi," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 351(1), pages 65-85.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_2002_num_351_1_7407 Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.2002.7407
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jacobson, Louis S & LaLonde, Robert J & Sullivan, Daniel G, 1993. "Earnings Losses of Displaced Workers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(4), pages 685-709, September.
    2. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & Thomas Lemieux & David N. Margolis, 2000. "Minimum Wages and Youth Employment in France and the United States," NBER Chapters,in: Youth Employment and Joblessness in Advanced Countries, pages 427-472 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Gibbons, Robert & Katz, Lawrence F, 1991. "Layoffs and Lemons," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 9(4), pages 351-380, October.
    4. Louis S. Jacobson & Robert J. LaLonde & Daniel G. Sullivan, 1993. "Long-term earnings losses of high-seniority displaced workers," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Nov, pages 2-20.
    5. Denis Fougère & Bernard Fortin & Guy Lacroix & Jean-Claude Berthlemy, 1999. "Hausses des barèmes et sorties de l'aide sociale. Les résultats d'une expérience naturelle au Canada," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 50(3), pages 451-463.
    6. David Margolis, 1999. "Worker Displacement in France," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00370589, HAL.
    7. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis, 1999. "High Wage Workers and High Wage Firms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(2), pages 251-334, March.
    8. Fallick, Bruce Chelimsky, 1993. "The Industrial Mobility of Displaced Workers," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(2), pages 302-323, April.
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    11. Jones, Stephen R G & Kuhn, Peter, 1995. "Mandatory Notice and Unemployment," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(4), pages 599-622, October.
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    13. Bernard Fortin & Denis Fougère & Guy Lacroix, 2000. "The Effects of Welfare Benefits on the Duration of Welfare Spells : Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Canada," Working Papers 2000-14, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
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    Cited by:

    1. David Margolis, 2006. "Should employment authorities worry about mergers and acquisitions?," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 5(2), pages 167-194, August.
    2. Jean Pisani-Ferry, 2003. "The Surprising French Employment Performance: What Lessons?," CESifo Working Paper Series 1078, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Julien Pouget & Denis Fougère & Sandra Cavaco, 2004. "Conventions de conversion et retour à lemploi," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 164(3), pages 93-111.
    4. Jean-François Royer, 2011. "Évaluation des effets des brusques fermetures d’établissements sur les trajectoires salariales," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 446(1), pages 45-65.

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