IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Licenciements collectifs et délais de reprise d'emploi

Listed author(s):
  • David N. Margolis

[spa] Despidos colectivos y plazos de vuelta al empleo Un análisis de la duración del periodo de no empleo tras un despido colectivo debido al cierre de la empresa muestra que aquellos asalariados franceses que sufren ese despido vuelven a encontrar directamente un empleo con una probabilidad mayor que los que se han separado de su empleador por otros motivos. Del mismo modo, entre los que tienen un periodo sin empleo tras la separación, aquellos que han perdido su empleo en un despido colectivo vuelven a encontrar un empleo con mayor rapidez que los que lo han perdido por otros motivos: unos 13 meses sin empleo en un promedio contra unos 16 meses para los hombres que han perdido su empleo por otros motivos. Para las mujeres, sendas duraciones son de unos 16 meses y 20 meses. Los asalariados que tenían la mayor antiguedad en la empresa en el momento de la separación encuentran con menos facilidad otro empleo. En cambio, un alto nivel de formación favorece la busca de un nuevo empleo, sea cual sea el motivo de la separación. [eng] Mass Redundancies and the Time Taken to Return to Work An analysis of the time spent unemployed following mass redundancies when companies close shows that French employees made redundant in this way have a higher probability of finding a new job immediately than those who have left their employers for other reasons. Likewise, among the employees who are unemployed for a period following their departure, those axed in a mass redundancy find a new job more quickly than those who have lost their job for other reasons: 13 months unemployed on average as opposed to 16 months for men who have lost their job for other reasons. Among the women, these lengths are 16 months and 20 months respectively. Employees with the longest seniority in the company before their departure find it harder to find a new job. However, a high level of education makes it easier to find a new job regardless of the reason for the departure. [ger] Massenentlassungen und Dauer bis zur Wiederaufnahme einer Beschäftigung Laut einer Analyse der Dauer der Arbeitslosigkeit nach einer Massenentlassung wegen Schließung des Unternehmens ist die Wahrscheinlichkeit bei den hiervon betroffenen französischen Arbeitnehmern größer als bei diejenigen, die sich von ihrem Arbeitgeber aus anderen Gründen trennten, dass sie unmittelbar danach wieder eine Beschäftigung finden. Unter denjenigen, die nach ihrem Ausscheiden aus dem Unternehmen arbeitslos sind, finden außerdem diejenigen, die im Zuge einer Massenentlassung ihren Arbeitsplatz verloren, rascher eine neue Beschäftigung als diejenigen, die ihn aus anderen Gründen verloren: im Schnitt 13 Monate arbeitslos gegenüber 16 Monaten bei den Männern, die aus anderen Gründen entlassen wurden. Bei den Frauen betragen diese Fristen jeweils 16 Monate und 20 Monate. Die Arbeitnehmer, die zum Zeitpunkt ihrer Entlassung die längste Betriebszugehörigkeit aufweisen, finden nicht so leicht einen neue Stelle. Unabhängig vom Grund der Entlassung erleichtert dagegen ein hohes Ausbildungsniveau die Suche nach einer neuen Arbeit.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

Volume (Year): 351 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 65-85

in new window

Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_2002_num_351_1_7407
Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.2002.7407
Contact details of provider: Web page:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & Thomas Lemieux & David N. Margolis, 2000. "Minimum Wages and Youth Employment in France and the United States," NBER Chapters,in: Youth Employment and Joblessness in Advanced Countries, pages 427-472 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Gibbons, Robert & Katz, Lawrence F, 1991. "Layoffs and Lemons," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 9(4), pages 351-380, October.
  3. Jones, Stephen R G & Kuhn, Peter, 1995. "Mandatory Notice and Unemployment," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(4), pages 599-622, October.
  4. Jacobson, Louis S & LaLonde, Robert J & Sullivan, Daniel G, 1993. "Earnings Losses of Displaced Workers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(4), pages 685-709, September.
  5. Louis S. Jacobson & Robert J. LaLonde & Daniel G. Sullivan, 1993. "Long-term earnings losses of high-seniority displaced workers," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Nov, pages 2-20.
  6. Fallick, Bruce Chelimsky, 1993. "The Industrial Mobility of Displaced Workers," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(2), pages 302-323, April.
  7. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis, 1999. "High Wage Workers and High Wage Firms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(2), pages 251-334, March.
  8. Denis Fougère & Bernard Fortin & Guy Lacroix & Jean-Claude Berthlemy, 1999. "Hausses des barèmes et sorties de l'aide sociale. Les résultats d'une expérience naturelle au Canada," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 50(3), pages 451-463.
  9. Bruce C. Fallick, 1996. "A Review of the Recent Empirical Literature on Displaced Workers," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 50(1), pages 5-16, October.
  10. Jane Friesen, 1997. "Mandatory Notice and the Jobless Durations of Displaced Workers," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 50(4), pages 652-666, July.
  11. David Margolis, 1999. "Worker Displacement in France," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00370589, HAL.
  12. Bernard Fortin & Denis Fougère & Guy Lacroix, 2000. "The Effects of Welfare Benefits on the Duration of Welfare Spells : Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Canada," Working Papers 2000-14, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  13. Stevens, Ann Huff, 1997. "Persistent Effects of Job Displacement: The Importance of Multiple Job Losses," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(1), pages 165-188, January.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_2002_num_351_1_7407. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.