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Santé et salaires : une estimation en variables instrumentales sur un panel de travailleurs chinois

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  • Kelly Labart
  • Jean-Louis Arcand

Abstract

[fre] Dans cet article, nous étudions les rendements salariaux au capital santé, mesuré par l’indice de masse corporelle, et à la nutrition, mesurée par la consommation de kilocalories, dans un panel de travailleurs chinois issu des China Health and Nutrition Surveys de 1991 et 1993. Nous mettons en oeuvre la procédure économétrique de Semykina et Wooldridge (2005 ) qui tient compte simultanément de l’hétérogénéité individuelle inobservable, du biais de sélection et de l’endogénéité. Nos résultats démontrent que les rendements à la santé et à la nutrition sont limités en Chine au secteur privé, et qu’ils ne sont pas présents dans le secteur étatique, assujetti au dirigisme centralisé. [eng] In this article, we study wage returns to health capital (measured by body-mass index) and to nutrition (measured by kilocalorie consumption) on a panel of Chinese workers from the 1991 and 1993 China Health and Nutrition Surveys. We apply Semykina and Wooldridge’s econometric procedure (2005), which takes simultaneous account of unobservable individual heterogeneity, selection bias, and endogeneity. Our results demonstrate that returns to health and nutrition in China are confined to the private sector and are not in evidence in the State command economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Kelly Labart & Jean-Louis Arcand, 2008. "Santé et salaires : une estimation en variables instrumentales sur un panel de travailleurs chinois," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 186(5), pages 89-100.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2008_num_186_5_7854
    DOI: 10.3406/ecop.2008.7854
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2008.7854
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    1. LABAR, Kelly & BRESSON, Florent, 2011. "A multidimensional analysis of poverty in China from 1991 to 2006," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 646-668.

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