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Analyses du chômage de longue durée et du chômage récurrent le cas de la France

Listed author(s):
  • Marie-Christine Challier
  • Mohamed Jellal

[eng] Analysis of Long-term and Recurring Unemployment - the Example of France, by Marie-Christine Challier, Mohamed Jellal. Examining the structure of long-term unemployment first reveals a number of effects, Le. the cohort effect, the seniority effect, the structure due to seniority effect. An empirical application is developed from data compiled by INSEE. An unemployment recurrence index is then constructed. The unemployment inflow rate is shown, rounding off the previous data which only gave the unemployment outflow rate. [ger] Analyse der Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit und der rekurrenten Arbeitslosigkeit am Beispiel Frankreichs, von Marie-Christine Challier, Mohamed Jellal. Anhand der Untersuchung der Struktur der Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit lassen sich zunächst verschiedene Effekte aufzeigen, die Kohorten-Effekt, Arbeitslosigkeitsdauer-Effekt und Struktur-Effekt pro Arbeitslosigkeitsdauer genannt werden. Auf der Grundlage von Daten des französischen Instituts für Statistik und Wirtschaftsstudien INSEE wird eine empirische Anwendung entwickelt. Danach wird ein Rekurrenzindex für die Arbeitslosigkeit erstellt. Erkennbar wird die Bedeutung der Quoten des Beginns der Arbeitslosigkeit, was die Ergebnisse vervollstàndigt, die sich bisher lediglich auf die Quoten des Wiedereintritts ins Erwerbsleben bezogen. [spa] Análisis del paro de larga duración y del paro recurrente: el caso de Francia, por Marie-Christine Challier, Mohamed Jellal. En primer lugar, el estudio de la estructura del paro de larga duración permite poner de relieve diversos efectos, denominados efecto de cohorte, efecto de antigüedad y efecto de estructura por antigüedad. A partir de los datos reunidos por el INSEE se desarrolla una aplicación empírica. Acto seguido se élabora un índice de recurrencia del paro. De esta forma se pone de relieve la importancia de las tasas de entrada en paro, lo cual permite completar los resultados que, hasta la fecha, atañían únicamente las tasas de salida del paro. [fre] Analyses du chômage de longue durée et du chômage récurrent - le cas de la France, par Marie-Christine Challier, Mohamed Jellal. L'étude de la structure du chômage de longue durée permet d'abord de révéler divers effets, appelés effet-cohorte, effet-ancienneté, effet-stucture par ancienneté. Une application empirique est développée à partir de données recueillies par l'Insee. Nous construisons ensuite un indice de récurrence au chômage. L'importance des taux d'entrée au chômage apparaît, ce qui complète des résultats qui, jusqu'à présent, ne concernent que les seuls taux de sortie du chômage.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 105 (1992)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 55-72

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1992_num_105_4_5301
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1992.5301
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  1. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Peter Diamond, 1994. "Ranking, Unemployment Duration, and Wages," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 61(3), pages 417-434.
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  8. Nickell, Stephen J, 1979. "Estimating the Probability of Leaving Unemployment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(5), pages 1249-1266, September.
  9. Thomas S. Coleman, 1989. "Unemployment Behavior: Evidence from the CPS Work Experience Survey," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 24(1), pages 1-38.
  10. A. Hasan & P. Broucker, 1982. "Duration and Concentration of Unemployment," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 15(4), pages 735-756, November.
  11. Lippman, Steven A & McCall, John J, 1976. "The Economics of Job Search: A Survey: Part I," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 14(2), pages 155-189, June.
  12. Lancaster, Tony, 1979. "Econometric Methods for the Duration of Unemployment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(4), pages 939-956, July.
  13. Heckman, James J & Borjas, George J, 1980. "Does Unemployment Cause Future Unemployment? Definitions, Questions and Answers from a Continuous Time Model of Heterogeneity and State Dependence," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 47(187), pages 247-283, August.
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