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Fifty Years of Exchange Rate Research and Policy at the International Monetary Fund

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  • Jacques J. Polak

Abstract

This paper reviews the development over the past fifty years in the IMF of research on, and policy attitudes toward, exchange rate matters. Three successive phases are noted. In the first ten to fifteen years, within the confines of the par value system, research was mainly focused on achieving a better understanding of the working of exchange rates. From the early 1960s to the mid-1980s, the focus shifted toward discovering and, if possible, enforcing “correct” exchange rates. More recently, the limitations of that approach have led to increased attention to the merits of alternative exchange rate regimes, both among the industrial countries and for developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacques J. Polak, 1995. "Fifty Years of Exchange Rate Research and Policy at the International Monetary Fund," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 42(4), pages 734-761, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:imfstp:v:42:y:1995:i:4:p:734-761
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Calvo, Guillermo A. & Reinhart, Carmen M. & Vegh, Carlos A., 1995. "Targeting the real exchange rate: theory and evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 97-133, June.
    2. S. C. Tsiang, 1957. "An Experiment with a Flexible Exchange Rate System: The Case of Peru, 1950-54," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 5(3), pages 449-476, February.
    3. J. Marcus Fleming, 1958. "Exchange Depreciation, Financial Policy, and the Domestic Price Level," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 6(2), pages 289-322, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Maurice Obstfeld., 2001. "International Macroeconomics: Beyond the Mundell-Fleming Model," Center for International and Development Economics Research (CIDER) Working Papers C01-121, University of California at Berkeley.
    2. Alex Izurieta, 2001. "Can Countries under A Common Currency Conduct Their Own Fiscal Policies?," Macroeconomics 0108008, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Francis Cripps & Alex Izurieta & Terry McKinley, 2007. "Developing a Global Model for Trade, Finance and Income Distribution," Publications 1, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    4. Ivo Maes, 2004. "Macroeconomic and Monetary Thought at the European Commission in the 1960s," EUI-RSCAS Working Papers 1, European University Institute (EUI), Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies (RSCAS).
    5. Anne O. Krueger, 1998. "Whither the World Bank and the IMF?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 36(4), pages 1983-2020, December.

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