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Efficiency Wages, Deferred Payments, and Direct Incentives in Agriculture

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  • Enrico Moretti
  • Jeffrey M. Perloff

Abstract

Empirical evidence from agricultural labor markets is consistent with efficiency-wage theory and inconsistent with several alternative explanations. According to this theory, the higher wage or deferred payment (benefits) that direct-hire growers pay relative to that of farm labor contractors is an efficiency wage. Growers use this extra compensation to lower their monitoring expenses and reduce shirking by workers. Copyright 2002, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Enrico Moretti & Jeffrey M. Perloff, 2002. "Efficiency Wages, Deferred Payments, and Direct Incentives in Agriculture," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 84(4), pages 1144-1155.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:84:y:2002:i:4:p:1144-1155
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/1467-8276.00060
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. David A. Hennessy, 2007. "Behavioral Incentives, Equilibrium Endemic Disease, and Health Management Policy for Farmed Animals," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 89(3), pages 698-711.
    2. Iwai, Nobuyuki & Emerson, Robert D. & Walters, Lurleen M., 2006. "Legal Status and U.S. Farm Wages," 2006 Annual Meeting, February 5-8, 2006, Orlando, Florida 35335, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    3. Guojun He & Jeffrey M. Perloff, 2013. "Does Customer Auditing Help Chinese Workers?," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 66(2), pages 511-524, April.
    4. repec:eid:wpaper:27/09 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Pena Anita Alves, 2010. "Legalization and Immigrants in U.S. Agriculture," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-24, February.
    6. Yousef Daoud & Belal Fallah, 2016. "The differential impact of employment in agriculture on wages for rural and non-rural Palestine," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-19, December.
    7. John G. Sessions & Nikolaos Theodoropoulos, 2014. "Tenure, Wage Profiles and Monitoring," Research in Labor Economics,in: New Analyses of Worker Well-Being, volume 38, pages 105-162 Emerald Publishing Ltd.
    8. Maoyong Fan & Anita Alves Pena & Jeffrey M. Perloff, 2016. "Effects of the Great Recession on the U.S. Agricultural Labor Market," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1146-1157.
    9. Ourania Karakosta & Nikos Tsakiris, 2009. "Indirect Tax Reforms and Public Goods under Imperfect Competition," University of Cyprus Working Papers in Economics 5-2009, University of Cyprus Department of Economics.
    10. Papps, Kerry L., 2010. "Productivity under Large Pay Increases: Evidence from Professional Baseball," IZA Discussion Papers 5133, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    11. Natalie Chun & Soohyung Lee, 2015. "Bonus compensation and productivity: evidence from Indian manufacturing plant-level data," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 47-58, February.

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