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Housing Wealth of Austrian Households


  • Pirmin Fessler

    () (Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Economic Analysis Division)

  • Peter Mooslechner

    () (Oesterreichische Nationalbank)

  • Martin Schürz

    () (Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Economic Analysis Division)

  • Karin Wagner

    () (Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Economic Analysis Division)


Real estate holdings, i.e. housing wealth and estates in land account for the majority of assets owned by Austrian households. At the same time, the associated mortgage loans constitute the bulk of households’ liabilities. Therefore, detailed data on real estate holdings and real estate financing are highly relevant both from the monetary policy perspective and with regard to the objective of maintaining financial stability. This is why in September 2008 the Governing Council of the ECB decided to initiate a comprehensive project aimed at collecting comparable data on household assets and liabilities across the euro area. All Eurosystem central banks will take part in this project. Many other central banks, including those in the U.S.A., Italy, Spain and Cyprus, have a long tradition of collecting and analyzing such data. As a first contribution by the Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) to this Eurosystem project, this study provides the first microdata-based assessment of Austrian households’ real estate holdings. In the primary residence category, Austrian households’ average housing wealth is estimated at EUR 130,000 (or at EUR 110,000, excluding the top 1% of observations in the real estate wealth distribution of the primary residence), while their average total housing wealth is estimated to come to EUR 250,000 (or EUR 200,000, excluding the top 1% of observations in the total real estate wealth distribution). The total housing wealth of Austrian households is estimated at a minimum of EUR 690 billion.

Suggested Citation

  • Pirmin Fessler & Peter Mooslechner & Martin Schürz & Karin Wagner, 2009. "Housing Wealth of Austrian Households," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 2, pages 104-124.
  • Handle: RePEc:onb:oenbmp:y:2009:i:2:b:5

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Joachim R. Frick & Markus M. Grabka, 2003. "Missing Income Data in the German SOEP: Incidence, Imputation and its Impact on the Income Distribution," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 376, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. Christopher D. Carroll & Misuzu Otsuka & Jirka Slacalek, 2006. "How Large Is the Housing Wealth Effect? A New Approach," NBER Working Papers 12746, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Willman, Alpo & Whelan, Karl & Altissimo, Filippo & Georgiou, Evaggelia & Sastre, Teresa & Valderrama, Maria Teresa & Sterne, Gabriel & Stocker, Marc & Weth, Mark, 2005. "Wealth and asset price effects on economic activity," Occasional Paper Series 29, European Central Bank.
    4. Giovanni D'Alessio & Ivan Faiella, 2002. "Non-response behaviour in the Bank of Italy�s Survey of Household Income and Wealth," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 462, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    5. Nicolas Albacete & Karin Wagner, 2009. "Housing Finance of Austrian Households," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 62-92.
    6. Nicolas Albacete, 2012. "Multiple Imputation in the Austrian Household Survey on Housing Wealth," Working Papers 176, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
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    Cited by:

    1. Nicolas Albacete & Pirmin Fessler & Martin Schürz, 2012. "Risk Buffer Profiles of Foreign Currency Mortgage Holders," Financial Stability Report, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 23, pages 58-71.

    More about this item


    households’ wealth; real assets; housing finance;

    JEL classification:

    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets


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