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FDI in Russia from CESEE and Central Asia: A Micro-Level Perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Päivi Karhunen

    () (Aalto University School of Business, Center for Markets in Transition and Department of Economics)

  • Riitta Kosonen

    () (Aalto University School of Business, Center for Markets in Transition and Department of Economics,)

  • Svetlana Ledyaeva

    () (Aalto University School of Business, Center for Markets in Transition and Department of Economics)

  • Julia Wörz

    () (Foreign Research Division, Oesterreichische Nationalbank)

Abstract

In this paper we study FDI in Russia originating from Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe (CESEE) and Central Asia. We describe patterns of FDI and examine the determinants underlying these patterns, basing our analysis on firm-level data for the period from 1997 to 2011 obtained from Rosstat, Russia’s Federal State Statistics Service. We split the investor countries under review into two subgroups, i.e. Central Eastern Europe, Baltics and Balkans (CEEBB) and Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA). We find that Belarus and Ukraine are the largest contributors of FDI into Russia among the countries under review. However, firms established by investors from Estonia, Poland and Lithuania are more profitable than those established by investors from Belarus and Ukraine. In our empirical test of locational determinants influencing the choice of a particular Russian region as an FDI destination we, among other things, find evidence against the institutional distance argument, which maintains that FDI flows are more limited among countries that exhibit greater differences in terms of their regulatory and normative business environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Päivi Karhunen & Riitta Kosonen & Svetlana Ledyaeva & Julia Wörz, 2014. "FDI in Russia from CESEE and Central Asia: A Micro-Level Perspective," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 4, pages 54-70.
  • Handle: RePEc:onb:oenbfi:y:2014:i:4:b:1
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Saul Estrin & Delia Baghdasaryan & Klaus E. Meyer, 2009. "The Impact of Institutional and Human Resource Distance on International Entry Strategies," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(7), pages 1171-1196, November.
    2. John Dunning & Sarianna Lundan, 2008. "Institutions and the OLI paradigm of the multinational enterprise," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 25(4), pages 573-593, December.
    3. Karhunen, Päivi & Ledyaeva, Svetlana, 2012. "Corruption Distance, Anti-corruption Laws and International Ownership Strategies in Russia," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 196-208.
    4. Broadman, Harry G. & Recanatini, Francesca, 2001. "Where has all the foreign investment gone in Russia?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2640, The World Bank.
    5. Gregory J. Brock, 1998. "Foreign direct investment in Russia's regions 1993-95. Why so little and where has it gone?," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 6(2), pages 349-360, November.
    6. Hausman, Jerry & Hall, Bronwyn H & Griliches, Zvi, 1984. "Econometric Models for Count Data with an Application to the Patents-R&D Relationship," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(4), pages 909-938, July.
    7. Svetlana Ledyaeva, 2009. "Spatial Econometric Analysis of Foreign Direct Investment Determinants in Russian Regions," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(4), pages 643-666, April.
    8. Ledyaeva, Svetlana & Karhunen, Päivi & Kosonen, Riitta, 2013. "Birds of a feather: Evidence on commonality of corruption and democracy in the origin and location of foreign investment in Russian regions," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 1-25.
    9. Svetlana Ledyaeva & Päivi Karhunen & John Whalley, 2013. "Offshore jurisdictions (including Cyprus), corruption money laundering and Russian round-trip investment," NBER Working Papers 19019, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Blonigen, Bruce A. & Davies, Ronald B. & Waddell, Glen R. & Naughton, Helen T., 2007. "FDI in space: Spatial autoregressive relationships in foreign direct investment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 51(5), pages 1303-1325, July.
    11. Ichiro Iwasaki & Keiko Suganuma, 2005. "Regional Distribution of Foreign Direct Investment in Russia," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(2), pages 153-172.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign direct investment; Russian regions; former communist countries;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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