Measuring core inflation
Under the Policy Targets Agreement, the Reserve Bank is required to keep future CPI inflation outcomes between 1 percent and 3 percent on average over the medium term. The headline CPI inflation rate provides some information on the strength of current and future inflation pressures, but can often be clouded by temporary fluctuations. Core inflation measures attempt to abstract from these temporary fluctuations to better inform us of the underlying trends in inflation. This article outlines a number of criteria that can be used to assess the relative merits of possible measures of core inflation. It then analyses a range of alternative core inflation measures against these criteria and draws some conclusions as to which measures might best serve as core inflation indicators in New Zealand.
Volume (Year): 69 (2006)
Issue (Month): (December)
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- Domenico Giannone & Troy Matheson, 2006.
"A new core inflation indicator for New Zealand,"
Reserve Bank of New Zealand Discussion Paper Series
DP2006/02, Reserve Bank of New Zealand.
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Journal of Money, Credit and Banking,
Blackwell Publishing, vol. 37(3), pages 539-60, June.
- Robert Dixon & Guay Lim, 2003.
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Department of Economics - Working Papers Series
878, The University of Melbourne.
- Robert Dixon & G.C. Lim, 2004. "Underlying Inflation in Australia: Are the Existing Measures Satisfactory?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 80(251), pages 373-386, December.
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- Kapetanios, George, 2004. "A note on modelling core inflation for the UK using a new dynamic factor estimation method and a large disaggregated price index dataset," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 63-69, October.
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