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An estimate of the underreporting of violent crimes against property applying stochastic frontier analysis to the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil [Estimativa do subregistro de crimes violentos contra a propriedade aplicando análise de fronteira estocástica para o estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil]

Author

Listed:
  • Gustavo Carvalho Moreira

    (UFSJ)

  • Ana Lucia Kassouf

    (USP)

  • Marcelo Justus

    (Unicamp)

Abstract

O objetivo desse estudo foi determinar o nível de subregistro de crimes contra a propriedade no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, utilizando a técnica de análise de fronteira estocástica. Não comunicar um crime às autoridades competentes gera consequências negativas para a efetividade das políticas de segurança pública, uma vez que a tomada de decisão é realizada tendo como base as estatísticas oficiais de crimes, que serão viesadas pelo subregistro. Neste sentido, tomar conhecimento sobre o nível de subregistro é fundamental para aprimorar as estratégias de prevenção ao crime. Foram utilizados dados referentes aos crimes de roubo à mão armada, roubo e furto. Os resultados indicaram que o subregistro médio dos crimes analisados foi de 32,7% no período entre 2004 e 2011. Um teste de robustez foi realizado nas estimativas, empregando a mesma técnica para calcular o nível de subnotificação para homicídios, que é o crime com o menor nível de subregistro.

Suggested Citation

  • Gustavo Carvalho Moreira & Ana Lucia Kassouf & Marcelo Justus, 2018. "An estimate of the underreporting of violent crimes against property applying stochastic frontier analysis to the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil [Estimativa do subregistro de crimes violentos contra a ," Nova Economia, Economics Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil), vol. 28(3), pages 778-806, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:nov:artigo:v:28:y:2018:i:3:p:778-806
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    estratégias de prevenção ao crime; economia do crime; segurança pública;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being

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