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Revealed Preferences of the Bank of Russia. Simulation Approach

Author

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  • Karev, M.

    (HSE, Moscow, Russia)

Abstract

The paper aims at reconstructing the regulator’s loss function both qualitatively and quantitatively. The main idea is to deduct from the observed behavior of the monetary policy instrument the underlying preferences that explain such behavior. In order to obtain quantitative results we use the simulation model of the Russian economy. The method consists in embeding in this model the Central Bank’s preferences modeled by different types of loss functions and choose the one that does the job best, i.e. one for which the implied preference parameter behaves most smoothly. One of the main findings is that the Bank of Russia acts as if it had two conflicting targets: inflation stabilization and low real exchange rate, or, alternatively, high foreign reserve growth. It is shown that the revealed preferences together with the simulation model can be used for forecasting the medium run dynamics of inflation and nominal exchange rate. It is also shown that commonly used quadratic loss function that models inflation and real sector stabilization is not relevant in depicting the Bank’s behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Karev, M., 2011. "Revealed Preferences of the Bank of Russia. Simulation Approach," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, issue 9, pages 72-97.
  • Handle: RePEc:nea:journl:y:2011:i:9:p:72-97
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kirill Sosunov & Oleg Zamulin, 2007. "Monetary Policy in an Economy Sick with Dutch Disease," Working Papers w0101, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR).
    2. Mark Gertler & Jordi Gali & Richard Clarida, 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1661-1707, December.
    3. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1982. "Time to Build and Aggregate Fluctuations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1345-1370, November.
    4. Ball, Laurence, 1995. "Time-consistent policy and persistent changes in inflation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 329-350, November.
    5. Mark Gertler & Jordi Gali & Richard Clarida, 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1661-1707, December.
    6. Taylor, John B., 1993. "Discretion versus policy rules in practice," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 195-214, December.
    7. Карев М. Г., 2009. "Инфляция, Реальный Обменный Курс И Денежная Политика В Экономике С Ограниченной Эластичностью Потока Капитала По Процентной Ставке," Higher School of Economics Economic Journal Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики, CyberLeninka;Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования «Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики», vol. 13(3), pages 329-359.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary policy; inflation; real exchange rate; simulation mode;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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