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The Banking Sector, Government Bonds, and Financial Intermediation: The Case of Emerging Market Countries

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  • F. Gulcin Ozkan
  • Ahmet Kipici
  • Mustafa Ismihan

Abstract

This paper develops an analytical framework to explore how financial-sector characteristics shape the terms and the scale of public borrowing in emerging market economies. We find that the more competitive the banking sector and the more liquid and deeper the deposit market, the better are conditions in the public securities market. We also show that the greater the central bank independence, the higher the cost of public borrowing. Furthermore, our results suggest that, in countries where banks rely significantly on foreign currency financing, the greater the government's reliance on bank lending, the greater is its exposure to exchange rate risk.

Suggested Citation

  • F. Gulcin Ozkan & Ahmet Kipici & Mustafa Ismihan, 2010. "The Banking Sector, Government Bonds, and Financial Intermediation: The Case of Emerging Market Countries," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(4), pages 55-70, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:emfitr:v:46:y:2010:i:4:p:55-70
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dennis Essers & Hans J. Blommestein & Danny Cassimon & Perla Ibarlucea Flores, 2016. "Local Currency Bond Market Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Stock-Taking Exercise and Analysis of Key Drivers," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(5), pages 1167-1194, May.
    2. Dayong Zhang & Yu Wu, 2012. "Household Savings, the Stock Market, and Economic Growth in China," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(2), pages 44-58, March.
    3. Xia Wang & Yung-Hsin Chen, 2012. "Is the Consumer Sentiment Index Capable of Forecasting the Transaction Activeness of Clients? Case Study for a Commercial Bank in China," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 20-28, January.
    4. Andreas Stephan & Andriy Tsapin & Oleksandr Talavera, 2012. "Main Bank Power, Switching Costs, and Firm Performance: Theory and Evidence from Ukraine," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 48(2), pages 76-93, March.
    5. Uluc Aysun & Melanie Guldi, 2011. "Derivatives Market Activity in Emerging Markets and Exchange Rate Exposure," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(6), pages 46-67, November.
    6. Eduardo Court & Emre Ozsoz & Erick W. Rengifo, 2012. "The Impact of Deposit Dollarization on Financial Deepening," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(6), pages 39-52, November.
    7. F. Gulcin Ozkan & Ahmet Kipici & Mustafa Ismihan, 2010. "The Banking Sector, Government Bonds, and Financial Intermediation: The Case of Emerging Market Countries," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(4), pages 55-70, January.
    8. Stephanos Papadamou & Moïse Sidiropoulos & Eleftherios Spyromitros, 2017. "Is There a Role for Central Bank Independence on Public Debt Dynamics?," Journal of Applied Finance & Banking, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 7(1), pages 1-6.
    9. F. Gulcin Ozkan & Ahmet Kipici & Mustafa Ismihan, 2010. "The Banking Sector, Government Bonds, and Financial Intermediation: The Case of Emerging Market Countries," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 46(4), pages 55-70, January.
    10. BLANCHETON Bertrand, 2015. "Towards a tacit low-degree independence central banking model ?," Cahiers du GREThA 2015-17, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    11. Stephanos Papadamou & Moïse Sidiropoulos & Eleftherios Spyromitros, 2016. "Central Bank Independence and the Dynamics of Public Debt?," Working Papers of BETA 2016-15, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    12. Ismihan, Mustafa & Ozkan, F. Gulcin, 2012. "Public debt and financial development: A theoretical exploration," Economics Letters, Elsevier, pages 348-351.
    13. Blancheton, Bertrand, 2016. "Central bank independence in a historical perspective. Myth, lessons and a new model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PA), pages 101-107.
    14. Mustafa Ismihan & F. Gülçin Özkan, 2012. "The Golden Rule of Public Finance: A Panacea?," Ekonomi-tek - International Economics Journal, Turkish Economic Association, pages 1-20.
    15. Eduardo Court & Emre Ozsoz & Erick W. Rengifo, 2012. "The Impact of Deposit Dollarization on Financial Deepening," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 48(6), pages 39-52, November.
    16. Dayong Zhang & Yu Wu, 2012. "Household Savings, the Stock Market, and Economic Growth in China," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 48(2), pages 44-58, March.
    17. Xia Wang & Yung-Hsin Chen, 2012. "Is the Consumer Sentiment Index Capable of Forecasting the Transaction Activeness of Clients? Case Study for a Commercial Bank in China," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 20-28, January.
    18. Uluc Aysun & Melanie Guldi, 2011. "Derivatives Market Activity in Emerging Markets and Exchange Rate Exposure," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 47(6), pages 46-67, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cost of borrowing; financial sector; public debt;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • H63 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Debt; Debt Management; Sovereign Debt

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